By Henriette De Bruyn Kops

This monetary and social background assesses the impression of the coastal wine and brandy exchange at the early sleek French, Dutch, and Atlantic economies, and highlights the significance of interconnecting own networks of Dutch, Sephardic Jewish, and New Christian retailers.

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Extra resources for A spirited exchange: the wine and brandy trade between France and the Dutch Republic in its Atlantic framework, 1600-1650

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We can combine the wealth of information in Rotterdam’s notarial records and those of Nantes with the trade statistics from the unique port register of 1631. Disputes and legal wrangling between Dutch and French wine traders regarding illegal or unfair business practices in 1645 add an inside view of those practices and reveal the network of Dutch traders in Nantes that year. In addition to the Dutch community’s relationships with the French merchants of Nantes, its connections with the patria and other mercantile centers along the Atlantic seaboard, the bilateral sources have also brought to light the hitherto hidden business ties between the Dutch and the Sephardic merchants in the Loire port.

25 tons] plus 177 tons of other wines. 36 We can only conclude that a number of factors rather than a single event turned the favorable trade winds away from La Rochelle and towards Nantes. 34 Jonathan I. Israel, Empires and Entrepots: The Dutch, the Spanish Monarchy, and the Jews, 1585–1713 (London: Hambledon Press, 1990), 17–19. 35 The GAR, ONA records yield seven new names for just the year 1627; Adriaen Hartman and Jan Hendricksz den Touwer were Rotterdam natives while Gillis van de Luffel plus the brothers Alexander and Reynier Velters were natives of Middelburg.

Collectie van Eeghen, Gemeentearchief Amsterdam 7 8 illustrations CHAPTER ONE THE DUTCH COMMUNITY IN NANTES The principal income of the county of Nantes are its wines and not through those who consume it locally but through those who send it to their foreign countries and primarily via the sea. The Hollanders are the ones who taught the inhabitants of the county of Nantes how to adulterate their wines in order to preserve them better at sea, they are the ones who taught them how to make brandy, they are the ones who taught them how to make barrels .

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