By Andrzej Eliasz, Sarah E. Hampson
The second one quantity within the Advances in character Psychology sequence, this publication offers an authoritative choice of works by way of prime specialists within the box. It makes a speciality of 3 of the main matters in character psychology: character, impact and arousal; character and intelligence; and character constitution. the 1st a part of the e-book seeks to examine cognitive biases depending on nervousness and the organic foundations of proposal and motion. It additionally seems on the impact of temperamental characteristics on response to worrying occasions. within the moment half, contributions ponder the mutual relatives among character and intelligence, the similarities and modifications among character and intelligence, and the cognitive mechanisms of human intelligence and character. the ultimate half analyses character constitution throughout cultures and provides a version of character appropriate to situational descriptions. the entire authors are skilled and popular specialists within the box of character psychology. the amount comprises serious stories, bringing the reader updated with key concerns, and special facts from modern empirical study initiatives, reflecting the range and energy of present paintings on character psychology.
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Extra resources for Advances in Personality Psychology: Volume II
Although it may be suggested that smoking is related mainly to emotional reactivity (Zawadzki, 2001) with no clear prediction for activity, the data obtained in this study are unequivocal. It is surprising that smoking does not predict myocardial infarction. This may be due to the fact that the rate of smokers in the whole sample was very high (53 per cent among healthy subjects, 59 per cent among persons suffering from myocardial infarction and 88 per cent among lung cancer patients). Finally, some comments regarding the role of temperament as a risk factor of somatic diseases are needed.
However, the relationships between stressors, temperament and emotional disturbances seem to be more complex as was described in simple models. Temperament influences not only emotional disturbances, but is also tied with environmental stressors and its function may be regarded not only as a moderator, but also probably as a mediator of the environmental causes of stress. STUDY 3: TEMPERAMENT AS A RISK FACTOR OF SOMATIC DISEASES The idea that personality is the cause of somatic illnesses such as coronary heart disease (CHD) or cancer for many researchers seems to be humorous.
We hypothesized that the impact on well-being reflects the direct role of activity (positive one), whereas the relationship to distress comprises both mechanisms (regulation, which leads to overarousal and direct effect, which may weaken negative emotions) and both influences (positive and negative ones). It may be easily seen in the correlation between activity and stressors. Sobolewski, Strelau and Zawadzki (2001) showed that activity correlates with individual-dependent stressors such as challenges and negative events whereas this trait does not correlate with stressors that are not dependent on individuals.
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