By Peter Kacsuk (auth.), Geraint A. Wiggins MA, PhD, Chris Mellish MA, PhD, Tim Duncan BA, MSc (eds.)

Since its belief approximately two decades in the past, common sense Programming - the assumption of utilizing good judgment as a programming language - has been built to the purpose the place it now performs an immense position in components corresponding to database conception, man made intelligence and software program engineering. even if, there are nonetheless many not easy examine concerns to be addressed and the united kingdom department of the organization for common sense Programming used to be manage to supply a discussion board the place the flourishing examine group may speak about very important problems with common sense Programming that have been frequently by-passed on the huge foreign meetings. This quantity comprises the twelve papers which have been provided on the ALPUK's third convention which used to be held in Edinburgh, 10-12 April 1991. the purpose of the convention used to be to offer a vast yet targeted technical perception into the paintings at the moment being performed during this box, either within the united kingdom and via researchers as a long way afield as Canada and Bulgaria. The breadth of curiosity during this zone of machine technological know-how is mirrored within the diversity of the papers which disguise - among different components - hugely parallel implementation, constraint common sense programming, circuit modelling, algebraic evidence of application houses, deductive databases, specialized editors and standardisation. The ensuing quantity provides an outstanding evaluate of the present growth being made within the box and should be of curiosity to researchers and scholars of any features of good judgment programming, parallel computing or database recommendations and management.

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Additional info for ALPUK 91: Proceedings of the 3rd UK Annual Conference on Logic Programming, Edinburgh, 10–12 April 1991

Sample text

Therefore, deduction is performed abstractly at compile time. Executing the grammar generates all the constraints that need to be solved at run time. A very flexible control mechanism is therefore provided by the model in terms of the information fed back from the constraint solving procedure. It is shown that the model provides a general scheme for investigating an efficient computational model for implementing constraint logic programming systems. 1: Introduction In recent years, there has been a flurry of interest in constraint languages.

Though NCL is implemented in a purely sequential environment (extending sequential Prolog) it has some basic features to be implemented on a parallel architecture. Moreover the NCL networks can simulate parallel execution. Generally the functional behaviour of parallelism can be achieved in a sequential computational environment when two properties are present: decentralised control and independence 53 of the computation on the order of the input data for each processing element. While the first condition is an inherent property of NCL, the second one can be achieved by introducing two restrictions: • The use of activation-by-need scheme should be avoided.

An interesting approach is proposed by Jorrand in [Jorrand 87] and in some later works. Logic programs are represented as networks of communicating by unification agents working in parallel. 37 This approach preserves the original Herbrand semantics of Logic Programs without introducing any additional control means (used in the parallel Prolog implementations). This is a formal and elegant way of introducing a new computational paradigm - computation by communication. However this approach is difficult to implement and use in practice.

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