By Christian V. Stevens(eds.)
Plant biomass is attracting expanding awareness as a sustainable source for large-scale creation of renewable fuels and chemical compounds. even if, that allows you to effectively compete with petroleum, it is important that biomass conversion strategies are designed to lessen expenses and maximize yields. Advances in pretreatment know-how are serious so as to strengthen high-yielding, cost-competitive routes to renewable fuels and chemicals.
Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for organic and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals offers a finished evaluate of the at present to be had aqueous pretreatment applied sciences for cellulosic biomass, highlighting the basic chemistry and biology of every approach, key attributes and boundaries, and possibilities for destiny advances.
Topics coated include:
• The significance of biomass conversion to fuels
• The position of pretreatment in organic and chemical conversion of biomass
• Composition and constitution of biomass, and recalcitrance to conversion
• Fundamentals of biomass pretreatment at low, impartial and excessive pH
• Ionic liquid and organosolv pretreatments to fractionate biomass
• Comparative information for program of prime pretreatments and impression of enzyme formulations
• Physical and chemical positive aspects of pretreated biomass
• Economics of pretreatment for organic processing
• Methods of research and enzymatic conversion of biomass streams
• Experimental pretreatment platforms from multiwell plates to pilot plant operations
This accomplished reference ebook presents an authoritative resource of data at the pretreatment of cellulosic biomass to assist these skilled within the box to entry the most up-tp-date info at the topic. it's going to even be helpful to these getting into the becoming box of biomass conversion.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–15): Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 2 Cellulosic Biofuels: value, Recalcitrance, and Pretreatment (pages 17–21): Lee Lynd and Mark Laser
Chapter three Plant mobilephone partitions: fundamentals of constitution, Chemistry, Accessibility and the impact on Conversion (pages 23–38): Brian H. Davison, Jerry Parks, Mark F. Davis and Bryon S. Donohoe
Chapter four organic Conversion of vegetation to Fuels and chemical compounds and the consequences of Inhibitors (pages 39–60): Eduardo Ximenes, Youngmi Kim and Michael R. Ladisch
Chapter five Catalytic concepts for changing Lignocellulosic Carbohydrates to Fuels and chemical substances (pages 61–102): Jesse Q. Bond, David Martin Alonso and James A. Dumesic
Chapter 6 basics of Biomass Pretreatment at Low pH (pages 103–128): Heather L. Trajano and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 7 basics of Aqueous Pretreatment of Biomass (pages 129–143): Nathan S. Mosier
Chapter eight basics of Biomass Pretreatment at excessive pH (pages 145–167): Rocio Sierra Ramirez, Mark Holtzapple and Natalia Piamonte
Chapter nine Primer on Ammonia Fiber enlargement Pretreatment (pages 169–200): S. P. S. Chundawat, B. Bals, T. Campbell, L. Sousa, D. Gao, M. Jin, P. Eranki, R. Garlock, F. Teymouri, Venkatesh Balan and Bruce E. Dale
Chapter 10 basics of Biomass Pretreatment by means of Fractionation (pages 201–222): Poulomi Sannigrahi and Arthur J. Ragauskas
Chapter eleven Ionic Liquid Pretreatment: Mechanism, functionality, and demanding situations (pages 223–238): Seema Singh and Blake A. Simmons
Chapter 12 Comparative functionality of best Pretreatment applied sciences for organic Conversion of Corn Stover, Poplar wooden, and Switchgrass to Sugars (pages 239–259): Charles E. Wyman, Bruce E. Dale, Venkatesh Balan, Richard T. Elander, Mark T. Holtzapple, Rocio Sierra Ramirez, Michael R. Ladisch, Nathan S. Mosier, Y. Y. Lee, Rajesh Gupta, Steven R. Thomas, Bonnie R. Hames, Ryan Warner and Rajeev Kumar
Chapter thirteen results of Enzyme formula and Loadings on Conversion of Biomass Pretreated by means of best applied sciences (pages 261–279): Rajesh Gupta and Y. Y. Lee
Chapter 14 actual and Chemical good points of Pretreated Biomass that impact Macro?/Micro?Accessibility and organic Processing (pages 281–310): Rajeev Kumar and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 15 Economics of Pretreatment for organic Processing (pages 311–333): Ling Tao, Andy Aden and Richard T. Elander
Chapter sixteen growth within the Summative research of Biomass Feedstocks for Biofuels construction (pages 335–354): Foster A. Agblevor and Junia Pereira
Chapter 17 High?Throughput NIR research of Biomass Pretreatment Streams (pages 355–368): Bonnie R. Hames
Chapter 18 Plant Biomass Characterization: program of resolution? and Solid?State NMR Spectroscopy (pages 369–390): Yunqiao Pu, Bassem Hallac and Arthur J. Ragauskas
Chapter 19 Xylooligosaccharides creation, Quantification, and Characterization in Context of Lignocellulosic Biomass Pretreatment (pages 391–415): Qing Qing, Hongjia Li, Rajeev Kumar and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 20 Experimental Pretreatment platforms from Laboratory to Pilot Scale (pages 417–450): Richard T. Elander
Chapter 21 Experimental Enzymatic Hydrolysis platforms (pages 451–469): Todd Lloyd and Chaogang Liu
Chapter 22 High?Throughput Pretreatment and Hydrolysis platforms for Screening Biomass Species in Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass (pages 471–488): Jaclyn DeMartini and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 23 Laboratory Pretreatment platforms to appreciate Biomass Deconstruction (pages 489–521): Bin Yang and Melvin Tucker
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For example, industrial yeast strains such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae or other yeast naturally ferment glucose and the other six carbon sugars into ethanol. Furthermore, although native yeast cannot ferment the five carbon sugars arabinose and xylose to ethanol with high yields, various bacteria such as Escherichia coli and yeast including Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been genetically engineered so they now produce ethanol from these sugars with high yields [37–40]. We can therefore view these sugars as reactive intermediates that can be biologically converted into ethanol and other final products.
Plant materials could have a much greater impact if vast, low-cost untapped sources of cellulosic biomass such as agricultural and forestry residues, portions of municipal waste, and dedicated crops could be inexpensively converted into a range of fuels and commodity chemicals in large-scale biorefineries . In fact, inexpensive transformation of biomass into liquid fuels and commodity chemicals will be essential if society is to sustainably and economically meet such needs [24–26]. Although the term cellulosic biomass may not be a household word, it represents the structural portion of a large group of well-known plants.
5. E. O. (1991) Continuous acid hydrolysis of lignocelluloses for production of xylose, glucose, and furfural, in Food, Feed, and Fuel from Biomass (ed. S. Chahal), Oxford & IBH Publishing Company, New Delhi, p. 267–279. 6. J. (2000) The Chemistry and Technology of Furfural and Its Many By-Products, Elsevier. 7. O. (1984) A comparative study of the enzymatic hydrolysis of acidpretreated white pine and mixed hardwood. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 26 (2), 1498–1505. 8. E. O. (1991) Common aspects of acid prehydrolysis and steam explosion for pretreating wood.
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