By Chris McNab

The Napoleonic Wars observed nearly 20 years of brutal combating, from the frozen wastelands of Russia to the wildness of the Peninsula; from Egypt's reduce Nile to the bloody battlefield of Waterloo. struggling with came about on an unparalleled scale throughout Europe, and over the full interval of the wars Napoleon led his Grand Arm¿e and his allies opposed to nearly each ecu state, and opposed to various coalitions. This e-book offers a accomplished consultant to the entire significant armies of the Napoleonic Wars, of France, Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia, Spain and Portugal. masking the adjustments skilled via the armies over the interval, the writer information the association, infantry, cavalry, and artillery of every. With beautiful unique paintings of the customarily wonderful uniforms worn into conflict, interval illustrations or the apparatus used, and pictures, this can be a appealing and in-depth examine of the armies that fought within the Napoleonic campaigns.

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Extra resources for Armies of the Napoleonic Wars: An Illustrated History (General Military)

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Portez vos armes. L'arme au bras: This was the usual way of carrying a musket while under arms and marching. L'arme a volonte: W h e n marching in column at pas de route, the command 'l'arme a volonte' opened up the ranks by four paces. (Christa Hook © Osprey Publishing) 49 A R M I E S of the N A P O L E O N I C W A R S A French staff officer on reconnaissance, with a mounted chasseur as escort. This light cavalrystyle uniform seems to be based on that in the Martinet study of a staff captain, although the angle hides his Guard aiguillette.

Richard Hook © Osprey Publishing) 59 A R M I E S of the N A P O L E O N I C W A R S To galvanise his gunners at the siege of Toulon, Napoleon Bonaparte, who commanded the artillery, asked a young corporal by the name of Andoche Junot (the future senior general) to put up a sign with 'Batterie des hommes sans peur' (Battery of the fearless men) in front of his gun's position. Thereafter every gunner in the army wished to serve there. This incident shows how Napoleon understood the motivations of men at war and their desire to surpass themselves when well led.

The 'solidity' of a three-deep line was deemed to be especially required when there was a serious threat from cavalry. there was also a widespread belief that they were good for maintaining the morale of shaky troops, who would gain confidence by the close proximity of so many of their comrades. The opponents of columns, however, such as Comte Hippolyte de Guibert and the Chevalier Troncjon du Coudray, were quick to reply that they were far more vulnerable to artillery fire. A cannonball could theoretically knock down only one file of three men in a line, whereas there would be many more men per file in a column; a deep column might well suffer a dozen men hit by each accurate round.

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