By Professor of Psychology James N Butcher, Jose Cabiya, Emilia Lucio, Maria Garrido

Individuals of Hispanic beginning are the most important ethnic minority team within the usa. Practitioners inquisitive about character evaluate will unquestionably paintings with Hispanic consumers who will be grappling with low English skillability and different demanding situations of acculturation to U.S. society. Written via front-line specialists within the use of the Minnesota Multiphasic character stock (MMPI), Assessing Hispanic consumers utilizing the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A discusses the application of mental exams according to U.S. norms in making scientific judgements for consumers from various cultural backgrounds. The MMPI tools are the main broadly researched and commonplace character tools with Spanish-speaking consumers. The authors supply readers a serious sociocultural context within the use of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A within the medical evaluation of Hispanic consumers within the U.S. and in a foreign country. Psychologists and different practitioners are provided a pragmatic consultant for medical interpretation of try out effects, with recommendation on addressing biases, demanding situations to protocol validity, and different capability boundaries to the culturally applicable and moral use and interpretation of the checks. Butcher, Cabiya, Lucio, and Garrido offer a finished assessment of the examine literature, previous and modern, at the use of the MMPIs with Spanish-speaking populations within the U.S. and the world over. The authors describe the advance and validation of Spanish-language types of the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A, delivering situations from Mexico, Cuba, and different Spanish-speaking nations. a collection of appendices contain T ranking conversion tables for the Mexican MMPI types and an inventory of Spanish language translations.

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The chapter focused on the adaptation of the Spanish translation to Puerto Rican Spanish, and specific rephrasing in eight items was recommended. Research consistently indicates that the MMPI-2 has differentiated well between normal and clinical samples, for instance, between normal samples and samples of depressed and psychotic patients (Cabiya & Davila, 1999b), of prison inmates (C. Pena, Cabiya, & Echevarria, 1995), and of battered women (Cabiya, Colberg, Perez, & Pedrosa, 2001). , 2001). Thus, these results do suggest that these tests are likely to be valid tools in the assessment of psychopathology in Puerto Ricans.

Lucio & Reyes-Lagunes, 1996). Since that time, Mexican psychologists have had extensive experience with the test and have INTERNATIONAL ASSESSMENT CONTEXT 29 unequivocally concluded, as this section summarizes, that this new version is highly useful as a means of assessing Mexican people. The development of the Mexican adaptation followed several steps. 1. Literal translation. A preliminary translation was made using five bilingual psychologists as translators. One psychologist was American, one was Mexican American, and the other three were Mexican.

Test users who seek to work in a culturally competent manner with Hispanics are called to use alternative interpretive hypotheses that incorporate knowledge of the complexity and diversity of this group. In the chapters that follow, we consider in detail the issues of applying the MMPI-2 and MMPI-A with Hispanic clients. Chapter 2 addresses Spanish language adaptations of the MMPI and MMPI-2. Chapter 3 more specifically describes the assessment of Hispanics living in the United States. In chapter 4, we turn to the importance of evaluating response attitudes of clients to appraise the validity of the profile, looking specifically at how Hispanic clients might invalidate a protocol.

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