By Jean-Louis Monino, Soraya Sedkaoui

The international has develop into electronic and technological advances have expanded circuits with entry to info, their processing and their diffusion. New applied sciences have now reached a definite adulthood. info can be found to all people, at any place on this planet. The variety of web clients in 2014 used to be 2.9 billion or forty-one% of the area inhabitants. the necessity for wisdom is changing into obvious for you to comprehend this multitude of knowledge. We needs to teach, tell and educate the hundreds. the advance of similar applied sciences, similar to the appearance of the net, social networks, "cloud-computing" (digital factories), has elevated the to be had volumes of knowledge. at the moment, every one person creates, consumes, makes use of electronic details: greater than 3.4 million e-mails are despatched around the world each moment, or 107,000 billion each year with 14,600 e-mails in step with 12 months in step with individual, yet greater than 70% are junk mail. Billions of items of content material are shared on social networks akin to fb, greater than 2.46 million each minute. We spend greater than 4.8 hours an afternoon on the web utilizing a working laptop or computer, and 2.1 hours utilizing a cellular. information, this new airy manna from heaven, is produced in actual time. It is available in a continuing move from a mess of assets that are commonly heterogeneous.

This accumulation of information of every kind (audio, video, documents, pictures, etc.) generates new actions, the purpose of that's to investigate this huge, immense mass of data. it's then essential to adapt and take a look at new techniques, new tools, new wisdom and new methods of operating, leading to new houses and new demanding situations due to the fact that search engine marketing common sense has to be created and applied. At corporation point, this mass of knowledge is hard to control. Its interpretation is essentially a problem. This affects those people who are there to "manipulate" the mass and calls for a particular infrastructure for construction, garage, processing, research and restoration. the largest problem lies in "the valuing of knowledge" on hand in volume, range and entry speed.

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In general terms, the concept of Big Data describes the current state of affairs in the world, in which there is a constant question of how to manage lumps of data in a better way, and how to make sense of the massive volume of data produced daily. Big Data, Open Data and Data Development, First Edition. Jean-Louis Monino and Soraya Sedkaoui. © ISTE Ltd 2016. Published by ISTE Ltd and John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2 Big Data, Open Data and Data Development Data sources are multiplying: smartphones, tablets, social networks, web services and so on.

5. Monino-Boya’s coloration model It is easy to see why there is that much potential for new automatic Big Data processing companies. We certainly find ourselves in front of one of the components of the industrial revolution inaugurated by the digital age. 1 The Big Data Revolution The amount of data generated by people, Internet-connected devices and companies is growing at an exponential rate. Financial institutions, companies and health service providers generate large quantities of data through their interactions with suppliers, patients, customers and employees.

A data scientist must have a general grasp of business and be capable of analyzing data in order to extract knowledge by using computer science applications. com/blog/metier-avenir-scientifique-des-donnees/. The Big Data Revolution 19 Data scientists are not only highly-trained computer scientists, they are also innovative thinkers capable of gleaning new perspectives on general tendencies in the data available. A data analyst analyzes data from a variety of sources and examines its different tabs in order to attain a general understanding of the phenomenon it describes and enable a company to develop competitive improvements.

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