By Christopher Gravett

This booklet on castles transports readers again to the realm of medieval fortifications to satisfy the folks who equipped them and lived within them. Readers discover the 1st earth-and-timber castles, participate in a siege, watch the neighborhood of lords and girls, jesters, pages going approximately their day-by-day lives - even peek into the good corridor and deep down into the dungeons. The notable images and well-researched, fact-packed textual content of this sequence has captivated younger and older readers alike, and verified the "Eyewitness courses" sequence because the ideal method to study.

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IV Although the SR and the Deuxième Bureau of the army general staff were the largest intelligence agencies in France before the Second World War, the air force and navy possessed active intelligence departments of their own. The air force Deuxième Bureau was much smaller than its army counterpart. 72 The organization of air intelligence mirrored that of the army in most respects. Most air intelligence officers were veterans of the army who had done stages with the army Deuxième Bureau. The chief of the air force Deuxième Bureau from  to  was Lt.

Bloch, ‘Enigma’ avant ‘Ultra’ (–) (Paris, ), chs. A–F; Kahn, Seizing the Enigma, –; ‘The Polish, French and British Contributions to the Breaking of the Enigma: A Revised Account’, in F. H. , British Intelligence and the Second World War, iv/ (London, ), –; Bertrand, Énigma, –; and J. Stengers, ‘Enigma, the French, the Poles and the British, –’, in C. Andrew and D. ), The Missing Dimension: Governments and Intelligence Communities in the Twentieth Century (London, ), –.

69 SHAT, N –, ‘Le Réseau d’écoute’, Rivet to Gamelin,  Oct. . On the papiers verts, see de Crouy-Chanel, Alexis Léger, –. 70 Interview with Jean Daridan,  Sept. . There are indications that this attitude persists within the Quai d’Orsay. ), La Renseignement à la française, –. 71 The problem with the French system was that it could not look deeper into the German military machine to measure the combat effectiveness of the units it had identified with such precision. It was effective in identifying regular divisions but was less useful in evaluating the combat readiness of these formations because it made no distinction between skeletal divisions and those which had been fully constituted.

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