By A. J. Freeman
By Ernest L. Eliel, Samuel H. Wilen
A part of a sequence which supplies in-depth assurance of natural stereochemistry, this quantity contains dialogue of aldol diastereoselection lower than thermodynamic and kinetic regulate, enantioselection in aldol condensations regarding chiral reactants, purposes of molecular mechanics calculations to natural chemistry, and masses extra. The members target to collect the disciplines of floor chemistry and stereochemistry to illustrate that the homes of stereoisomers can be worthy in extending the knowledge of the vulnerable but vital molecular forces that function in floor monolayers.
By Evangelos Tsotsas, Arun S. Mujumdar
The five-volume sequence offers a entire review of all very important facets of drying know-how like computational instruments at varied scales (Volume 1), smooth experimental and analytical concepts (Volume 2), product caliber and formula (Volume 3), power rate reductions (Volume four) and method intensification (Volume 5).
Based on high-level state-of-the-art effects contributed via across the world well-known specialists within the numerous handled fields, this e-book sequence is the final word reference within the quarter of business drying. positioned on the intersection of the 2 major ways in glossy chemical engineering, product engineering and approach structures engineering, the sequence goals at bringing concept into perform with a purpose to enhance the standard of high-value dried items, keep power, and reduce the prices of drying processes.
In Volume 1, various version forms for the drying of goods and the layout of drying tactics (short-cut tools, homogenized, pore community, and non-stop thermo-mechanical techniques) are taken care of, in addition to computational fluid dynamics, inhabitants balances, and technique structures simulation instruments. Emphasis is wear scale transitions.
Other Volumes and Sets:
Volume 2 - smooth Drying expertise: Experimental Techniques
Volume 2: Comprises experimental equipment utilized in quite a few industries and in learn which will layout and keep an eye on drying strategies, degree moisture and moisture distributions, represent particulate fabric and the interior micro-structure of dried items, and examine the habit of particle structures in drying apparatus. Key subject matters comprise acoustic levitation, near-infrared spectral imaging, magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray tomography, and positron emission tracking.
Volume three - sleek Drying expertise: Product caliber and Formulation
Volume three: Discusses how wanted houses of meals, biomaterials, lively pharmaceutical constituents, and fragile aerogels will be preserved in the course of drying, and the way spray drying and spray fluidized mattress techniques can be utilized for particle formation and formula. equipment for tracking product caliber, resembling approach analytical expertise, and modeling instruments, reminiscent of Monte Carlo simulations, discrete particle modeling and neural networks, are awarded with actual examples from and academia.
Volume four - smooth Drying know-how: power Savings
Volume four: Deals with the relief of strength call for in quite a few drying approaches and parts, highlighting the subsequent issues: power research of dryers, effective solid-liquid separation innovations, osmotic dehydration, warmth pump assisted drying, zeolite utilization, sun drying, drying and warmth therapy for stable wooden and different biomass assets, and sludge thermal processing.
Volume five - procedure Intensification
Volume five: Dedicated to method intensification by way of extra effective distribution and circulate of the drying medium, foaming, managed freezing, and the appliance of superheated steam, infrared radiation, microwaves, strength ultrasound and pulsed electrical fields. approach potency is taken care of at the side of the standard of delicate items, similar to meals, for quite a few hybrid and mixed drying processes.
Available in print as 5 quantity Set or as person volumes. purchase the Set and store 30%!
Also on hand in digital formats.
By J. M. Smith
Hardcover DJ tear and area put on (see photo); highlighting and underlining on pages; yellowing of web page edges; writing on within again disguise.
By Christian M. Rojas
Designed for practitioners of natural synthesis, this e-book is helping chemists comprehend and make the most of rearrangement reactions to reinforce the synthesis of invaluable chemical compounds.
- Provides prepared entry to the genesis, mechanisms, and artificial application of rearrangement reactions
- Emphasizes strategic artificial making plans and implementation
- Covers 20 diverse rearrangement reactions
- Includes functions for synthesizing compounds beneficial as ordinary items, medicinal compounds, sensible fabrics, and actual natural chemistry
By Carl L. Yaws
This ebook presents finished defense and health-related information for hydrocarbons and natural chemical substances in addition to chosen info for inorganic chemical compounds.
By J.L. Sessler, S.J. Weghorn
The porphyrins are a category of naturally-occurring macrocycles and are ubiquitous in our global. As such, they've been known as the Pigments of existence. This auspicious designation displays their value in several organic services. certainly, existence as we comprehend it depends upon the complete diversity of organic tactics which are both played through or catalyzed by way of porphyrin-containing proteins. Chlorophyll-containing photosynthetic response facilities in crops, for example, convert gentle strength into chemical strength whereas generating oxygen alongside the best way. it truly is this oxygen, developed from photosynthesis, that's transported, saved, and lowered by means of heme-containing proteins in lots of organisms, together with mammals. now not unusually, accordingly, those molecules stay of basic curiosity to chemists and biochemists. certainly, they remain intensely investigated by way of researchers world-wide.Inspired via the significance of the porphyrins, a brand new examine course has emerged in recent times that's dedicated to the practise and research of non-porphyrin polypyrrole macrocycles. right here, the central targets were to generate thoroughly man made structures that endure a few structural resemblance to naturally-occurring porphyrin derivatives whereas being rather diversified of their particular chemical make-up. inside of this context, 3 various learn instructions have advanced, specifically these concerning the syntheses of shriveled, isomeric, and extended porphyrins, respectively. it's the chemistry of those platforms that's the topic of this ebook. due to the newness of the sphere, the emphasis of this booklet should be on synthesis and characterization (all paintings on porphyrin isomers and masses of that linked to accelerated porphyrins has basically seemed within the final 10 years). One bankruptcy on functions has, despite the fact that, been integrated. additionally, within the context of the preparative parts of the textual content, a few efforts were made to give an explanation for why numerous porphyrin analogue goals are of curiosity.
By Karl M. Herstein, Thomas C. Gregory
Submit prohibition within the usa introduced a renewed drawn to the beverage arts. The authors of this booklet provide wine and spirits making as an artwork at the point of weaving, pottery and smelting-arts that didn't require a large amount of medical improvement, but have reached a degree of creative perfection. Given this ancient history, Wines and Liquors presents a common evaluation in addition to distinctive technological know-how at the creation of wine and spirits together with: fermentation, sugars, yeasts, malting, distillation or even a few recipes for cordials. This booklet continues to be as appropriate this day as while initially released in 1935.
By Vladimir G. Bordo
This e-book covers linear and nonlinear optics in addition to optical spectroscopy at strong surfaces and at interfaces among a pretty good and a liquid or gasoline. The authors provide a concise creation to the physics of surfaces and interfaces. They speak about intimately actual homes of good surfaces and in their interfaces to drinks and gases and supply the theoretical history for figuring out a number of optical ideas. the key a part of the booklet is devoted to a extensive evaluation on optical concepts and topical purposes equivalent to infrared and optical spectroscopy or optical microscopy. Discussions of nonlinear optics, but additionally nano-optics and native spectroscopy supplement this self-contained paintings. precious gains comprise approximately 50 issues of options, a thesaurus and a completely elaborated checklist of topical references. The booklet is desirable as a textual content for graduate scholars but additionally for scientists operating in physics, chemistry, fabrics or lifestyles sciences who search for knowledgeable creation to floor optical points in their experiences.
By Christian V. Stevens(eds.)
Plant biomass is attracting expanding awareness as a sustainable source for large-scale creation of renewable fuels and chemical compounds. even if, that allows you to effectively compete with petroleum, it is important that biomass conversion strategies are designed to lessen expenses and maximize yields. Advances in pretreatment know-how are serious so as to strengthen high-yielding, cost-competitive routes to renewable fuels and chemicals.
Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for organic and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals offers a finished evaluate of the at present to be had aqueous pretreatment applied sciences for cellulosic biomass, highlighting the basic chemistry and biology of every approach, key attributes and boundaries, and possibilities for destiny advances.
Topics coated include:
• The significance of biomass conversion to fuels
• The position of pretreatment in organic and chemical conversion of biomass
• Composition and constitution of biomass, and recalcitrance to conversion
• Fundamentals of biomass pretreatment at low, impartial and excessive pH
• Ionic liquid and organosolv pretreatments to fractionate biomass
• Comparative information for program of prime pretreatments and impression of enzyme formulations
• Physical and chemical positive aspects of pretreated biomass
• Economics of pretreatment for organic processing
• Methods of research and enzymatic conversion of biomass streams
• Experimental pretreatment platforms from multiwell plates to pilot plant operations
This accomplished reference ebook presents an authoritative resource of data at the pretreatment of cellulosic biomass to assist these skilled within the box to entry the most up-tp-date info at the topic. it's going to even be helpful to these getting into the becoming box of biomass conversion.
Chapter 1 creation (pages 1–15): Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 2 Cellulosic Biofuels: value, Recalcitrance, and Pretreatment (pages 17–21): Lee Lynd and Mark Laser
Chapter three Plant mobilephone partitions: fundamentals of constitution, Chemistry, Accessibility and the impact on Conversion (pages 23–38): Brian H. Davison, Jerry Parks, Mark F. Davis and Bryon S. Donohoe
Chapter four organic Conversion of vegetation to Fuels and chemical compounds and the consequences of Inhibitors (pages 39–60): Eduardo Ximenes, Youngmi Kim and Michael R. Ladisch
Chapter five Catalytic concepts for changing Lignocellulosic Carbohydrates to Fuels and chemical substances (pages 61–102): Jesse Q. Bond, David Martin Alonso and James A. Dumesic
Chapter 6 basics of Biomass Pretreatment at Low pH (pages 103–128): Heather L. Trajano and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 7 basics of Aqueous Pretreatment of Biomass (pages 129–143): Nathan S. Mosier
Chapter eight basics of Biomass Pretreatment at excessive pH (pages 145–167): Rocio Sierra Ramirez, Mark Holtzapple and Natalia Piamonte
Chapter nine Primer on Ammonia Fiber enlargement Pretreatment (pages 169–200): S. P. S. Chundawat, B. Bals, T. Campbell, L. Sousa, D. Gao, M. Jin, P. Eranki, R. Garlock, F. Teymouri, Venkatesh Balan and Bruce E. Dale
Chapter 10 basics of Biomass Pretreatment by means of Fractionation (pages 201–222): Poulomi Sannigrahi and Arthur J. Ragauskas
Chapter eleven Ionic Liquid Pretreatment: Mechanism, functionality, and demanding situations (pages 223–238): Seema Singh and Blake A. Simmons
Chapter 12 Comparative functionality of best Pretreatment applied sciences for organic Conversion of Corn Stover, Poplar wooden, and Switchgrass to Sugars (pages 239–259): Charles E. Wyman, Bruce E. Dale, Venkatesh Balan, Richard T. Elander, Mark T. Holtzapple, Rocio Sierra Ramirez, Michael R. Ladisch, Nathan S. Mosier, Y. Y. Lee, Rajesh Gupta, Steven R. Thomas, Bonnie R. Hames, Ryan Warner and Rajeev Kumar
Chapter thirteen results of Enzyme formula and Loadings on Conversion of Biomass Pretreated by means of best applied sciences (pages 261–279): Rajesh Gupta and Y. Y. Lee
Chapter 14 actual and Chemical good points of Pretreated Biomass that impact Macro?/Micro?Accessibility and organic Processing (pages 281–310): Rajeev Kumar and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 15 Economics of Pretreatment for organic Processing (pages 311–333): Ling Tao, Andy Aden and Richard T. Elander
Chapter sixteen growth within the Summative research of Biomass Feedstocks for Biofuels construction (pages 335–354): Foster A. Agblevor and Junia Pereira
Chapter 17 High?Throughput NIR research of Biomass Pretreatment Streams (pages 355–368): Bonnie R. Hames
Chapter 18 Plant Biomass Characterization: program of resolution? and Solid?State NMR Spectroscopy (pages 369–390): Yunqiao Pu, Bassem Hallac and Arthur J. Ragauskas
Chapter 19 Xylooligosaccharides creation, Quantification, and Characterization in Context of Lignocellulosic Biomass Pretreatment (pages 391–415): Qing Qing, Hongjia Li, Rajeev Kumar and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 20 Experimental Pretreatment platforms from Laboratory to Pilot Scale (pages 417–450): Richard T. Elander
Chapter 21 Experimental Enzymatic Hydrolysis platforms (pages 451–469): Todd Lloyd and Chaogang Liu
Chapter 22 High?Throughput Pretreatment and Hydrolysis platforms for Screening Biomass Species in Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass (pages 471–488): Jaclyn DeMartini and Charles E. Wyman
Chapter 23 Laboratory Pretreatment platforms to appreciate Biomass Deconstruction (pages 489–521): Bin Yang and Melvin Tucker