By Brian Fitzpatrick

The Gard in southern France was once the scene of in depth bloodshed in 1790, whilst rivals of the Revolution attempted unsuccessfully to avoid swap, and back in 1815, once they sought revenge via a delicately ready White Terror. The revolutions of 1830 and 1848 additionally provoked violent clash within the Gard, or even whilst the dept seemed to take pleasure in tranquillity, political and social family members there have been soured by means of intimidation and worry. This research indicates how the royalist counter-revolutionaries have been in a position to polarise opinion via emphasising the Protestantism in their rivals. Anti-Protestant sentiment, accentuated through the organization of Protestants with the political and fiscal associations of the Revolution and Empire, produced a counter-revolutionary stream within which neighborhood issues predominated. The Catholic royalist leaders' ambition to accomplish greatest autonomy for his or her specific royaume du Midi introduced them into clash not just with primary executive but additionally with their proclaimed loyalty to the Bourbons.

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Thesis, Warwick University, 1977. A . C o b b a n , Aspects of the French Revolution, p p . 9 0 - 1 1 2 ; and The social interpretation of the French 80 Revolution, p p . 54—67. Hood, 'Patterns'. The department of the Gard 27 Prejudice, suspicion and officially sponsored intolerance were compounded in Nimes by physical separation. Catholics lived in the northern and eastern faubourgs - the bourgades, comprising the Faubourg de la Bouquerie, the area behind the church of St Charles and the Enclos Rey next to the casernes.

3 1 2 3 Lewis, Second Vendee, pp. 41-79; F. Rouviere, Histoiredela Revolution francaise dans le Gard, in, 259-386; G. Guibal, Le mouvement federaliste en Provence en 1793. Lewis, Second Vendee, pp. 81-115; R. C. Cobb, The police and the people. French popular protest, 1789—1820, pp. 131-71; R. Fuoc, La reaction thermidorienne a Lyon; C. Lucas, 'The problem of the Midi in the French Revolution', Trans. Royal Hist. Soc, 28 (1978), 1-25. A N F 7 3336, Liste des individus prevenus d'emigration ay ant droit aux dispositions du SenatusConsulte en date du 6 floreal, an X.

Beaucairois, Arlesiens and Lyonnais, while those on the western side of tht city attracted Cevenols and Alesiens. During the eighteenth century, these faubourgs constituted Nimes's 'industrial belt', leaving the heart of the city for commercial and administrative affairs, as well as for the residences of the very rich. Besides the construction of housing and services for the immigrant population, the eighteenth century saw the completion of extensive public works, again a reflection of the city's prosperity and confidence.

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