By Elizabeth Gemmill

It is a full-scale examine of costs in medieval Scotland, c. 1260-1542, including distinct discussions of coinage, and weights and measures. approximately 6000 costs are indexed separately, normal costs are calculated for every commodity, and for teams of commodities akin to cereals and farm animals. Scots costs are in comparison with English, and the importance of the information for the industrial background of medieval Scotland is analyzed totally. this is often the one complete examine to were undertaken on Scots medieval costs, and there's no similar paintings on Scottish medieval financial historical past in print.

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Extra info for Changing Values in Medieval Scotland: A Study of Prices, Money, and Weights and Measures

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In addition to the Council Registers, we have consulted the following Dean of Guild Accounts at the Town House: Dean of Guild Accounts, 1452-3 (in the Guildry Accounts, 1453-1650) and 1470-1 (Ace. 1000/7; photocopy from Gordon of Gordonstoun MSS in Yale University Library). C. , 49 (1957), and his substantial introduction is of great value for our understanding of these records and of royal burghs more generally. Further useful extracts from the Aberdeen records are printed in Extracts from the Council Register of the Burgh of Aberdeen, I: 1398-1570 ed.

See below, p. 56. 211. The significance of David's reforms was such that throughout the middle ages similar legislation rarely failed to claim its origins in the work of David I. It has been suggested that such a claim became an almost obligatory convention perhaps more securely rooted in custom than in fact. See Hector L. MacQueen and William J. 21 David's system was sophisticated enough to distinguish between different kinds of bread, and between the weight of bread when raw, when newly cooked, and when dry and therefore lighter, but this structure is only known to us from fourteenth-century copies.

Direct Scottish evidence for any commodity between 1304 and 1325 is extremely rare. 15 The evidence is better from the late 1320s - when all prices were high - to the 1340s when a number of commodities (for example, wheat, oats, marts, sheep, wool, and hides) provide some indication that there was a dip in prices. Very occasionally, it is also apparent that a particular year stands out as especially good or bad. The year 1288 saw unusually fine weather, producing a good harvest of wheat and oatmeal, and relatively easy production of salt, leading to lower prices for these commodities.

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