By Stiansen, Endre; Guyer, Jane I.
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Additional info for Credit, currencies, and culture : African financial institutions in historical perspective
Literate Muslim traders certainly operated there, and one of these in 1845 gave a British explorer a written letter of introduction to another Muslim merchant trading for slaves in the interior,86 but there is no specific evidence of commercial letters of credit in Arabic. 88 Subsequently, however, such written notes again became standard. 89 By the late nineteenth century, written promissory notes were also being accepted from European traders in Dahomey for the payment of customs duties to the king.
D’Almeida-Topor, Hélène. Histoire économique du Dahomey (Bénin) (1890–1920). Vol. 2. Paris, 1995. Dalzel, Archibald. The History of Dahomy. London, 1793. Dantzig, Albert van, ed. The Dutch on the Guinea Coast 1674–1742: A Collection of Documents from the General State Archive at The Hague. Accra, 1978. —. “English Bosman and Dutch Bosman: A Comparison of Texts--VI”, History in Africa 7 (1980):281–91. Dapper, Olfert. Naukeurige Beschrijvinge der Afrikaensche Gewesten. 2d ed. Amsterdam, 1676. [Delbée].
From Slave Trade to “Legitimate” Commerce (Cambridge, 1995). 14 Jan S. Hogendorn, “Economic Modeling of Price Differences in the Slave Trade Between the Central Sudan and the Coast,” Slavery and Abolition 17 (1996):209–222. 15 Webb, Desert Frontier, 63. The institutions of credit in the eighteenth-century Western Sahel might be compared in some respects to those of seventeenth-century Britain. As the principal historian of the Royal Company of Adventurers Trading to Africa wrote of British credit: “Its principal characteristic was a lack of system and organization.
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