By Heather Tanner

Это исследование предлагает новую модель политического развития Северной Франции через анализ взаимосвязей между графами Булони и их соседями во Фландрии, Пикардии, Нормандии, и Англии. В нём также освещены некоторые отношения между менее сильными графами и их соседями. Организованное хронологически, от конца IX до середины XII столетия, в каждой главе предлагается политический обзор и анализ использования родства, союзов и договоров (формальных и неофициальных) в целях управления и проведения единой ( в той или иной степени) политики. В заключительной главе анализируется формирование репутации и соответствия приверженности семейству Булоней. Книга - часть больших дебатов по феодализму, усилению правительственных учреждений, родовых связей.Образцы сканов:

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Edmund Rigaux offers another possible origin, that of kinship of Duke Erkengar of Bavaria; (Rigaux 1891–99): 152. However, I have found no corroborating evidence to support this hypothesis. A third possible origin is in Swabia. There is an Erkengar count palatine and then duke of Swabia (915–17); he and his brother Berthold fought against Burchard duke of Swabia; (Maurer 1978): 36–46 and (Zotz 1974): 68ff. There is no evidence that this Erkengar had any relatives named Erkengar, and his own career is contemporaneous to Erkengar of Boulogne’s.

His brother Eustace II of Boulogne and Lens also held the ville of Harnes as a benefice from the Flemish count; see 1056 judicial decision in (Teulet 1863): 1:21. Although the Flemish counts did not issue charters pertaining to lands or rights within Lens, a 1070 charter issued by Eustace II and his wife Ida records a fine ‘Philippo rege Francorum et Comite Flandrensium imperatum’ for anyone who diminished the canons of Lens’ property; (Miraeus 1723–1748): 159–161 and AN (Paris) L964, pièce 46, pp.

D. Freeman calls kindred-based action groups. 33 The reckoning of kinship is usually limited to third cousins and only continues if communication between kin is maintained. The members of the kindred know who their blood relatives are, but do not routinely act as a unit. Kin-based action groups function as ad hoc coalitions brought together by unity or complementarity of interests and contain only a portion of the kindred as well as affines and friends. century and during the twelfth century; in the tenth, second half of eleventh century and the thirteenth century it is the individual who issues an act, without the specified consent of his kin.

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