By Julia S. Torrie

"[The booklet] is definitely written and good constructed...A top of the range work." · Robert Gildea, Oxford collage The early twentieth-century introduction of aerial bombing made profitable evacuations necessary to any battle attempt, yet traditional humans resented them deeply. in line with large archival examine in Germany and France, this can be the 1st wide, comparative research of civilian evacuations in Germany and France in the course of global warfare II. The facts exposed exposes the complexities of an assumed monolithic and omnipotent Nazi kingdom through exhibiting that electorate' objections to evacuations, that have been rooted in relatives issues, compelled alterations in coverage. Drawing awareness to the interplay among the Germans and French all through global battle II, this publication exhibits how rules in each one state have been formed through occasions within the different. a really cross-national comparability in a box ruled through money owed of 1 state or the opposite, this publication presents a distinct old context for addressing present matters in regards to the impression of air raids and army occupations on civilians. Julia S. Torrie accomplished her PhD at Harvard college and has taught ecu heritage at St. Thomas college in Canada for the reason that 2002.

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Extra info for 'For Their Own Good'': Civilian Evacuations in Germany and France, 1939-1945

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Evacuees could not all return at once, and the Heimkehrerausweis was introduced to control the flow back into the evacuated zone. 20 Citizens whose residences were intact, and who could resume their former occupations, were allowed home first, followed by others only after appropriate preparations had been made. Despite these measures, returns did not always proceed smoothly, and evacuees resented delays caused by the need to re-establish basic services in their hometowns. Only a few of the most vulnerable villages had been damaged by enemy fire, but many houses remained uninhabitable, partly because they had not been properly maintained for nearly a year.

German theorists sometimes used arguments based on family unity to support their anti-evacuation stance, and German evacuations, when they came, made little allowance for family ties and freedom of choice. This meant that arguments based on family rights could be used to contest evacuation policies, an opposition that both threatened the war effort and undermined the legitimacy of the state. As the 1930s drew on, and war seemed more likely, the rift between French proponents of evacuation and their opponents across the Rhine grew more apparent.

50 A year later, in response to the perception that the German threat was growing, French civil defense expert General Niessel warned that French preparations for aerial bombardment lagged behind those of other nations. 52 Clearly, then, the discourse about air raid protection in both France and Germany was shaped by perceptions of what was taking place next door. It was marked in both countries by preconceived ideas about a “French” or a “German” way of doing things, and differed accordingly in the weight it gave to evacuation measures.

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