By Uganda Communications Commission

Taking the case of Uganda, this publication makes an attempt to record the particular scenario with reference to ICTs in Africa. Uganda used to be one of many first African nations to liberalize the communications area, which resulted in an explosion in entry to cell phones, the web and different complex applied sciences. the rustic additional constructed a coverage on common entry to establish a fund to help tasks aiming to enhance entry to ICTs for negative and rural populations.

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Extra resources for Funding and Implementing Universal Access. Innovation and Experience from Uganda

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Given an asymmetric cost-based interconnect agreement, this revenue could be greater than that from outgoing calls. 1 Methodology 1 : 10-year cash flow calculation Distance Geog. (d) outer Factor - > area to central point Unit/ Sq. Km benchmark -> Km Local Area 1 1,000 Local Area 2 Local Area 3 1,450 630 18 21 14 Rural Target no. 16 Initial estimate of UAF-required capital accumulation From the foregoing calculation a reasonable projection of realistic UA targets country-wide can be made, and the required total subsidy for telephony service provision over the first few years can be estimated.

To this point, there is no clear-cut demand and revenue stream that can be identified from non-voice communication, even though there could be a significant market in the medium term. Even urban-based ISPs and applications businesses (information, education, or e-commerce) are finding it difficult to estimate their market and meet targets without risk. The need, demand and application for ICTs in rural areas of most developing countries (but especially rural Africa) can be characterised as follows: basic voice telephony by the majority of the population; and non-voice ICT networks and Vanguard telecentres' (for example, projects established by leading schools, hospitals, intermediary agencies with active interests, responsibilities and activities in rural 35 Funding and Implementing Universal Access to Communications areas).

The country's regulatory stance on satellite transmission, and specifically VSATs, may be critical to the widespread deployment of Internet POPs beyond the reach of the PSTN or mobile network. Uganda's small size, combined with its semi-liberalised market status and the presence of digital transmission systems and base station towers in almost all district headquarters, was considered significant, as was the fact that most demand for Internet access in the short to medium term would likely be limited to the area around district towns.

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