By Teun Tieleman

This quantity bargains with books II and III of the "On the Doctrines of Hippocrates and Plato" by means of the clinical scientist and thinker Galen of Pergamum (129-c. 210 CE ). In those books Galen bargains an in depth critique of Stoic psychology, quoting a lot of passages from the in a different way misplaced treatise "On the Soul" by way of the nice Stoic thinker Chrysippus. this primary full-scale examine of Chrysippus' mode of argumentation considers the fragments either of their Galenic context and when it comes to Stoicism generally. A separate dialogue is dedicated to Galen's goals and strategies and the traditions he's indebted to. notwithstanding designed as a foil for the therapy of Chrysippus, it may possibly even be learn by way of these drawn to Galen's method for its personal sake.

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Nat. Jae. "/'"is ta ivt:pyouµt:va ... atOU Jtaa1v ilµiv. Ev~V imcnov JtOtTltt'ICitv. ,. 10-11 = Fr. 51-64) Des Places. Likewise ps. , Mttnassa. -4). The attitude of these authors was fairly common, it seems; cf. Scxtus. M. e. one which signifies tlincti, out of 1ts own ~at~. that. of whic~ ~t 1s indicative. This is presumably a stock exam~le. sign as distinct from apodcictic proof (axo3ei;11;) see further anfra p. 64 n. 12-i wub text thettto. 7 Sec PHP IX 9. 7-9; Hi/JP. Epitl.. p. 5 ff. '. Fona.

286e 1-2; 287a2-3; Theas. 10, quoted supra, p. 14. Induction 11 one of the two main dialectical procedures at Top. 105al0-9. But Galen rcfen to a particular kind of induction, that belonging to the ~phcrc of common experience, cf. Von Muller (1897) 428 and, on the relation of induction to the lvlSo~a, Owen (1961) 86 f. On argument by example as a kind of induction Rh. 7. 28 GALEN ON SCIENTIFIC METHOD 17 of ~he word i::y~ (II 2. ~• Etymology, he holds, is 'an impostor', which spt·aks. 7). (;alcn ~ubscnbes to t~e conventional nature of language.

7 \\'" n<"~d not doubt that (~al"n in his 0.. \ristotle. Ation for Plato with Peripatetic logic is familiar enough from ·Middle Platonist · authors. , whC're hC' expreW)· credits Plato with the syllogistic method (Inst. Lo(. 1 ff. s In PHP II Galen·s main concern is with the method of finding 'appropriate~ (oinia) prt'miscs. This topic can be traced back to a number of Aristotelian passages. 9 But by pointing at his explanation el~whe~ of their unclear and concise natu~ Galen claims to have made a contribution nco M~nc which may go beyond the mere exegcsis.

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