By Sévillia Jean

360pages. in8. Broché.Jean Sévillia consacre un ouvrage, intitulé Historiquement wrong, aux questions historiques les plus controversées et les plus soumises à l’idéologie dominante et aux manipulations.

Il ne pouvait donc pas éviter los angeles query Pie XII à laquelle il consacre deux chapitres : le Vatican contre Hitler et chrétiens et juifs à travers l’histoire.

Avec los angeles clarté et l’esprit de synthèse qui le caractérisent, Jean Sévillia reprend toutes les données de l. a. controverse, en partant de los angeles fameuse photographie de Pacelli entre deux gardes allemands de l. a. république de Weimar, et des écrits anti-Pie XII les plus célèbres (Hochhut et Cornwell).

La bibliographie reprend les ouvrages les plus récents, de Philippe Chenaux à Hubert Wolf, et donne à ces deux chapitres une crédibilité indéniable.

Avec raison, Jean Sévillia ne se limite pas au pontificat de Pie XII. Il consacre même l. a. majorité de son étude au pontificat de son prédécesseur Pie XI, qui pose les fondements de l. a. politique vaticane contre Hitler, dans un contexte différent, rappelons-le, de celui de son successeur.

Après avoir rappelé le caractère viscéralement antichrétien du NSDAP et l’hostilité des évêques allemands à son idéologie, le récit des négociations et de l’application du concordat de 1933 permet de comprendre que ce texte, qui ne reconnaît ni ne légitime en aucune façon le régime et ses idéaux, a permis de préserver l’Église en lui garantissant son autonomie. D’ailleurs, le régime le viole à plusieurs reprises et multiplie les persécutions contre le clergé. Tout cela est castle bien vu.

Quant à Pie XII, Jean Sévillia explique, avec toutes les nuances nécessaires, le poids du contexte de l. a. guerre, le choix opéré en faveur de l. a. prudence, sa préférence pour les Alliés (le pape est impliqué dans le complot contre Hitler de 1940).

Quant à l. a. query des persécutions antisémites, analysée dans le chapitre consacré aux family entre chrétiens et juifs, elle permet à l’auteur de défendre l. a. thèse los angeles plus solide, celle des protestations mesurées et prudentes au revenue d’une aide discrète et efficace.

Une remarque de Jean Sévillia est à relever. L’Allemagne, remarque-t-il, était peuplée aux deux levels de protestants. Et pourtant, c’est sur l’Église catholique et son chef que les attaques se concentrent. Faut-il alors en tirer l. a. end que cette « query Pie XII » n’a, en réalité, rien d’historique mais qu’elle relève d’un procès motiveé aux catholiques actuels, rabaissés au rang de complices d’Hitler ?

Les interrogations sont légitimes. Pourtant, strength est de constater que l’Église catholique, de principale strength d’opposition au national-socialisme est devenue, dans l’esprit général, son auxiliaire. Il y a là un retournement qui n’a rien d’historiographique.

En fin de compte, le lecteur trouvera ici un bon ouvrage de synthèse qui fait le element sur les recherches les plus actuelles.

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Whether his motive was revenge or enlightenment, during his prison years and the twenty years that followed, he produced a body of work that is unique. Whatever else he was, Sade was pure—admittedly a surprising term in his connection; he cut through, with a terrible swift sword, the hypocrisies of the day, the cant, the false, the sham, be it sacred or profane. A sybarite beyond compare, endowed with a sexual appetite that was prodigious, hot tempered, arrogant, prone to violence yet capable of great tenderness and acts of kindness, this most contradictory of men can only be understood—if indeed he can be understood at all—in the context of his time.

That being so, Sade, to be true to himself, needed to desecrate and despoil, to publicly voice his conviction. If you believe something to be true, Sade would say, you must carry it to its extreme, no matter what the consequences. In jail now for blasphemy, Sade was mainly concerned with keeping the scandal from his wife—who was three months pregnant—and his wife’s family. His father soon heard the bad news and hastened to Fontainebleau to beg the king’s indulgence, which was granted, and on November 13 Sade was released from Vincennes but confined to his parents-in-law’s property, the Chateau d’Echaffour, under the watchful eye of Inspector Marais.

Had it not been for the Revolution, which brought a swift end to her influence and power, she doubtless would have attained her goal. There were other elements, of course, but these four led directly to his doom, not only because of their special nature but because they became, despite Madame de Montreuil’s efforts, fodder for the increasingly popular newspapers and broadsheets of the day. As today, scandal was the be-all and end-all of these papers’ existence. ” The first occurred in 1768, the second and third hard upon each other four years later, and the fourth during the winter of 1774-1775.

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