By Paul Michael Privateer
What's intelligence? What makes people Homo sapiens — the clever species?Inventing Intelligence is a daring deconstruction of the background of intelligence. Uncoupling our realizing of this such a lot commonplace idea from its conventional social technological know-how moorings, this ebook trains a cultural experiences lens on intelligence to show it as another kind of representation.
Inventing Intelligence charts the heritage of intelligence from its earliest articulations via to postmodern AI. person chapters recount the loving spheres of divine intelligence imagined via Plato, the self-conscious stylings of the Renaissance guy, the politics of intelligence within the Enlightenment, in addition to modern checks of electronic intelligence and the mysterious event of Einstein’s mind. formidable in its ancient sweep, unflinching in its problem to standard knowledge, Inventing Intelligence is for everybody and somebody who used to imagine that the parameters and the stakes of intelligence—evident within the present controversy over “intelligent” design—had been negotiated and finalized.Content:
Chapter 1 The Pre?Renaissance culture of Intelligence (pages 23–26):
Chapter 2 the hot panorama of clever (pages 27–31):
Chapter three the 1st clever financial system (pages 32–40):
Chapter four Renaissance highbrow developments (pages 41–54):
Chapter five Renaissance Philosophy and Fabrications of Intelligence: from Montaigne to Hobbes (pages 55–76):
Chapter 6 clever Renaissance technology (pages 77–85):
Chapter 7 ecocnomic wisdom and Intelligence turns into a profession (pages 77–85):
Chapter eight Intelligence and Dominant Renaissance Scientists (pages 86–88):
Chapter nine Intelligence and the Enlightenment (pages 99–104):
Chapter 10 Illuminating Enlightenment Intelligence (pages 99–104):
Chapter eleven Enlightenment perception: Fallen Apples, Social arithmetic, and a brand new Intelligence (pages 105–110):
Chapter 12 The medical Gaze and Human Normalization (pages 111–146):
Chapter thirteen shrewdpermanent Architects and modern Intelligence (pages 147–156):
Chapter 14 shrewdpermanent instruments and sleek Intelligence (pages 159–197):
Chapter 15 shrewdpermanent evaluations: New Sciences and New arithmetic (pages 227–244):
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Additional info for Inventing Intelligence: A Social History of Smart
7) That capital is part of a “representational system” enabling individuals to invent an economy based on abstract value explains, in part, why an era that invented capital would have to characterize humanized intelligence in somewhat similar terms. Nor is it surprising that Renaissance ideas of intelligence were heavily metaphoric. Abstract ideas, by their nature, are metaphoric. ” These metaphoric associations have continued for the past ﬁve hundred years. But more importantly, they were not an accident of history or merely coincidental.
Not everything that is real and useful is tangible and visible. Time, for example, is real, but it can only be efﬁciently managed when it is 33 The First Smart Economy represented by a clock or a calendar. Throughout history, human beings have invented representational systems . . to grasp with the mind what human hands could never touch. In the same way, the great practitioners of capitalism . . were able to reveal and extract capital where others saw only junk by devising new ways to represent the invisible potential that is locked up in the assets we accumulate.
For instance, the paradox of how imperfect human beings can know divine perfection was raised repeatedly, as were questions about how humans could know the source of absolute truth. Recognition of this shift is critical to an understanding of how certain cultural modes of power operated within discursive alliances, particularly those that capitalized upon this new authority. Once knowledge became something that an individual could examine and verify in terms of “objective” methods, the idea of individuality authored and entered a new ideological system consisting of parallel ideas like consciousness, subjectivity, personal reﬂection, and, of course, intelligence, the driver of individuality.
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