By Queruel, Alain

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Le général André démissionne ; quant à Mollin, il disparaît en Afrique, et le ministère Combes finit par se retirer. Chapitre 3. Les francs-maçons républicains et progressistes 53 Vers la Première Guerre mondiale Paradoxalement, la franc-maçonnerie pâtit peu de cette affaire s'il faut s'en référer à la progression de ses effectifs : en effet, de 21 000 francs-maçons en 1903, leur nombre passe à 30 000 en 1910. Cette explosion s'explique probablement par le fait que l'image de la maçonnerie est associée à un rempart des forces progressistes contre la monarchie et les ultras de tous bords.

N'est-ce pas plutôt cette dernière qui a accueilli le voltairianisme, à savoir le combat pour la tolérance et la justice, en sanctifiant ainsi le défenseur de Calas, de Sirven et de Lally-Tollendal ? ), comme cela semble avoir été le cas pour Montesquieu. Enfin, il faut rappeler qu'aux hommes de lettres entrés en franc-maçonnerie s'ajoutent alors de brillants scientifiques : Fourcroy, Monge ou Chaptal sont de ceux-là... sans oublier les loges militaires, navales ni les loges d'adoption où se retrouvent les dames de la haute noblesse et qui leur sont réservées.

Le choix entre la maçonnerie et le parti Ne parvenant pas à faire basculer la majorité, Trotski, ayant eu vent que beaucoup étaient francs-maçons au sein de la délégation française, fait surgir la 22e condition, interdisant aux militants l'adhésion à la franc-maçonnerie et leur imposant le choix entre les loges et le parti. Avec cette option binaire, c'en est fini de la relative indépendance de la section française puisque la nomination de son comité directeur relève désormais du bon vouloir du congrès mondial.

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