By Anthony J. Liddicoat
Whereas literacy has continually been critical to language making plans paintings, there are fewer reports which concentration totally on literacy as a language making plans job. This quantity investigates the problems and social and political pressures on the subject of literacy in a number of language making plans contexts around the globe.
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Extra resources for Language Planning and Policy: Issues in Language Planning and Literacy (Language Planning and Policy)
Moreover, by failing to compare the literacy levels obtained by children in bilingual programmes with those of indigenous children elsewhere, the rhetoric for closing bilingual programmes failed to indicate that the bilingual children had better levels of English-language literacy than other indigenous children. In reality, bilingual programmes developed higher levels of literacy, in both English and in an indigenous language, than was obtained by indigenous children in mainstream schooling (Cataldi & Partington, 1998; Nakata, 1995), although on a general comparison with English literacy levels nationally they underperformed.
In the context of policy implementation, it is important to consider how teachers and administrators, who are faced with several concurrent agendas and policies, respond to these texts and what trajectories are established by this response. Complexity theory argues that how change occurs in complex settings is never predictable, unidirectional, nor unitarily felt (Bowers, 1993), and when policy implementation is followed through to local contexts the complex non-linear nature of policy implementation can be seen.
Hunter, 2002) In later grades, once children have foundation reading skills [sic], the focus of assessment shifts to fluency and reading comprehension. (Kame’enui, 2002) The number of words [read] per minute is a pretty good indicator of comprehension down the road. vp 10 January 2007 14:16:29 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen 36 CIP045 Issues in Language Planning and Literacy These utterances build a cultural model of the young reader which is being promoted in the implementation of the Reading First policy.
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