By François Charette; Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad Miṣrī

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Ar¯at (on the astrolabic quadrant) and Kashf al-rayb f¯ı ’l- ֒amal bi-l-jayb (on the sine quadrant) were quite popular. 2; on the mujannah , see Charette 1999a. 54 This is reported by al-Mizz¯ı’s contemporary al-S afad¯ı (Nakt, p. 209). The fifteenth-century . afad¯ı, gave those prices as 10 d¯ın¯ars for astrolabes and 2 d¯ın¯ars for quadrants; these are probably converted from the above figures (with 20 dirhams to the d¯ın¯ar). Cf. Mayer 1956, p. 61. 55 Three of them are described in Dorn 1865, pp.

Most of the historical issues presented in the above survey require detailed research which still needs to be conducted, a task beyond the scope of the present work. The above remarks of a preliminary nature nevertheless aimed at providing the reader with a clearer perspective of the place, role and virtues of practical astronomy, and especially of instrumentation, in the context of Egyptian and Syrian societies of the Mamluk period. Attention now turns to a work of major importance. 34 Since it became the standard reference work for Mamluk Egyptian and Syrian, Rasulid Yemeni and Ottoman Turkish specialists of the subject,35 it merits attention here.

4. On his work on sundials, see the article “Mizwala” in EI 2 , VII, pp. 210–211 (by D. King). 48 Suter, MAA, no. 398; Brockelmann, GAL, II, p. 155; King, Survey, no. C24. 49 Preserved in the unique manuscript Leiden Or. 468. 50 On those of the unusual kinds, see p. 90, n. 127 and p. 222. 51 On his biography, see al-Safad¯ı, Nakt, p. 209; Ibn Hajar, Durar, III, p. 410 (no. 3392); . see also Mayer 1956, p. 61. On his works, see Suter, MAA, no. 406; Brockelmann, GAL, II, pp. 155–156 and Suppl. II, pp.

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