By Walter Burley, Mr. Paul Vincent Spade

This is often the 1st whole English translation, from the Latin, of medieval thinker Walter Burley's instruction manual of common sense. The paintings circulated within the heart a while in a shorter and an extended model, either translated the following and completely annotated. Burley is published as either an innovator and a conservative who used new recommendations of logical and semantical research to protect conventional perspectives. Yale Library of Medieval Philosophy sequence

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Extra resources for On the Purity of the Art of Logic: The Shorter and the Longer Treatises (Yale Library of Medieval Philosophy Seri)

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For one of two contradictories is said of anything whatever;32 therefore, from whatever a finite term is removed, the infinite term should be attributed to the same thing, because the finite term and the infinite one are contradictory. () Second, it is proved that for simple terms an affirmative proposition with an infinite predicate does not follow from the negative with a finite predi. See also ()–(), below. . See n. , above, and nn. , –, below. 6163 Burley / ON THE PURITY OF THE ART OF LOGIC / sheet 48 of 349                 cate.

It is also plain that it does not follow: ‘You differ from each person; therefore, you differ from yourself’. Instead, it is a fallacy of the consequent, as in ‘You as someone are not the same; therefore, you as yourself are not the same’. 19 15:42 DST:0 () The seventh main rule is that an inference holds from a distributed superior to an inferior taken either with distribution or without distribution. But an inference does not hold from an inferior to a superior with distribution. For it follows: ‘Every animal runs; therefore, every man runs, and a man runs’,22 but not conversely.

Wood’ and ‘nonwhite wood’ are not contradictories, because they are made false for the same thing. For both of these are false: ‘Socrates is white wood’ and ‘Socrates is nonwhite wood’. () The reason for this is that in saying ‘nonwhite wood’, the infinitizing negation does not affect anything but ‘white’, and therefore ‘wood’ remains affirmed. But if the infinitizing negation could infinitize the whole ‘white wood’, then the inference would be good. 35 Thus, I grant ‘From whatever ‘‘man’’ is removed, ‘‘nonman’’ is attributed to the same thing’, and yet the inference ‘Better than God there is not a man; therefore, better than God there is a nonman’ is not valid, because ‘Better than God there is something’ is false.

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