By Carl von Clausewitz

Carl von Clausewitz's On War has been referred to as, "not easily the best, however the basically really nice publication on war." it's a rare try and build an all-embracing concept of the way struggle works. Its coherence and ambition are unrivaled by way of different army literature. On War is stuffed with sharp commentary, biting irony, and remarkable words, the main well-known being, "War is a continuation of politics via different means."

About the Author
Except for a short stint in 1812 while he served within the Russian military, Clausewitz spent his entire occupation, from the age of twelve till his demise in 1831, within the Prussian military. He fought in the entire significant Prussian campaigns opposed to France, and his such a lot fateful event - the 1806 conflict of Jena-Auerstedt, within which Napoleon destroyed the Prussian military - encouraged him to put in writing On War.

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Creation and maintenance are obviously only the means, whilst application is the object. The contest in War is not a contest of individual against individual, but an organised whole, consisting of manifold parts; in this great whole we may distinguish units of two kinds, the one determined by the subject, the other by the object. In an Army the mass of combatants ranges itself always into an order of new units, which again form members of a higher order. The combat of each of these members forms, therefore, also a more or less distinct unit.

If the one Commander wishes the solution put off, the other must wish to hasten it, but only by the same form of action. If it is A's interest not to attack his enemy at present, but four weeks hence, then it is B's interest to be attacked, not four weeks hence, but at the present moment. This is the direct antagonism of interests, but it by no means follows that it would be for B's interest to attack A at once. That is plainly something totally different. 17. THE EFFECT OF POLARITY IS OFTEN DESTROYED BY THE SUPERIORITY OF THE DEFENCE OVER THE ATTACK, AND THUS THE SUSPENSION OF ACTION IN WAR IS EXPLAINED.

We see from the foregoing how much the objective nature of War makes it a calculation of probabilities; now there is only one single element still wanting to make it a game, and that element it certainly is not without: it is chance. There is no human affair which stands so constantly and so generally in close connection with chance as War. But together with chance, the accidental, and along with it good luck, occupy a great place in War. 21. WAR IS A GAME BOTH OBJECTIVELY AND SUBJECTIVELY. If we now take a look at the subjective nature of War, that is to say, at those conditions under which it is carried on, it will appear to us still more like a game.

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