By Barry Smith (editor), Wolfgang Künne, Kevin Mulligan, Gilbert T. Null, Peter M. Simons, Roger A. Simons, Barry Smith, Dallas Willard (authors)

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Extra resources for Parts and Moments: Studies in Logic and Formal Ontology

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On such a composite act (whose members may in turn themselves be composite) a new act may be built, e. g. an act of joy built on the taking in of a state of affairs, a joy about that state of affairs. '®^ The concept of stratification was most fully exploited, within the phenomenological movement, by Roman Ingarden, particularly in his theory of the literary work of art (1931 An act, according to Husserl, possesses a matter and a quality. The act-quality stamps the act as a judgment - and so involving positing - or as a mere presentation, as an emotional act, an act of doubt, etc.

LU VT, § 12 which contains a valuable discussion of the syntheses involved in partial fulfilment). ), corresponding interweavings are established also on the object-side amongst the intended objects and states of affairs of the corresponding acts and part-acts. That total state of affairs the intuitive grasp of which fulfils, a hypothetical judgment'"® has an objectual antecedent-consequent structure corresponding to the logical antecedent-consequent structure of the judgment itself. A wishful intention finds its fulfilment only when a mere presentation of the thing wished for becomes transformed into a corresponding perception (LU VI, § 13, and cf.

Similarly the the59 ory of existence and identity found in ontology has no room for necessity or essentialistic notions, such as are needed to explicate the idea of dependent and independent parts in Husserl's sense. While the laws of extensionality used within Lesniewski's formal systems do greatly facilitate inference, they are not ontologically neutral, since they in effect deny the existence of e. g. distinct but co-extensive properties, or distinct but equivalent propositions or states of affairs.

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