By R G GORDON

Routledge is now re-issuing this prestigious sequence of 204 volumes initially released among 1910 and 1965. The titles comprise works via key figures such asC.G. Jung, Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Otto Rank, James Hillman, Erich Fromm, Karen Horney and Susan Isaacs. each one quantity is obtainable by itself, as a part of a themed mini-set, or as a part of a specially-priced 204-volume set. A brochure directory each one name within the overseas Library of Psychology sequence is on the market upon request.This name to be had in e-book layout. click on right here for extra information.Visit our eBookstore at: www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk.

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Extra resources for Personality (International Library of Psychology)

Example text

These aspects may not be equally obvious, either to the subject himself or to the observer. Take as instances purposive activity, feeling and thought. In the first, the physiological aspect of muscular activity is obvious both to the subject and to the observer. No mental aspect can be obvious to the observer, and is therefore of little account to the strict behaviourist. None the less such mental aspect exists and can be detected by introspection. In purposive activity, the observer sees the movements and the effects of the movements of the striped muscles, and may be able to detect various glandular activities, and the electrical changes which are induced by activation of the neurone.

For example, suppose we draw a line thus an observer would perceive this as an incomplete circle. That is to say that the circle would be perceived as a whole and then its attribute of incompleteness added. They insist that all perceptions are structural totalities having a definite structure before they can be perceptions. So with all mental processes, they lay stress on the para-mount importance of the whole, rather than of the component parts of the organization. This applies to personality with special force, for it is not a mere bundle of sensations, images, wishes, emotions, sentiments, nerve cells gland activities and so on, but a structural totality, depending not only on these component parts, but on their relatedness to each other and to the whole.

This is evident from the interference with muscular tonus and resultant power of posture and locomotion, which results from lesions destroying the functional activity of this system. The next recognizable stage in the evolutionary process is the emergence of the conditioned reflex response from the combination of one or more reflexes, with fusion or suppression of certain of the component parts. These will be explained more fully in the next chapter and Pawlow’s classical bell-ringingsalivation experiment has already been referred to.

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