By German Solar Energy Society (DGS);Ecofys

* Describes the most important gains of other bioenergy applied sciences and provides pros specialist suggestions for deploy; in complete colour throughout!* contains facts on chosen nearby, nationwide, and overseas renewable power aid courses* Written by way of specialists, delivering functional perception into the applying of this technologyBioenergy is relied upon all over the world as a latest answer for neighborhood power provide and waste administration. together with transparent technical information, facts tables, and illustrative images explaining the basics of other bioenergy tasks, this consultant studies the most applied sciences and provides correct best-practice examples. starting with an summary of the applied sciences and kinds of process to be had, this consultant is choked with crucial ‘know-how’ on anaerobic digestion, bio-fuels, small-scale ovens, large-scale boilers, and gasifiers. every one expertise is defined through studying the final procedure and its parts, making plans, operation, upkeep, set up, and economics. info is given on either warmth and mixed warmth and tool. moreover, the foreign felony framework, correct subsidies and financial incentives are defined.

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In practice the maximum attainable conversion efficiency for electricity is around 40%. The rest of the energy continues to exist as heat. In a CHP system, electricity and heat are generated at the same time. In contrast to a condensing power station, in which the heat produced in CHP generators is dissipated via a heat exchanger, for combined heat and power in CHP plants or cogeneration plants electrical and thermal energy are utilized immediately. If the aim is to design the utilization of bioenergy sources to be economically optimum, the heat arising during power generation needs to be utilized.

These are therefore usually allowed to be applied as plant fertilizers. However, during the combustion of industrial wood residues in systems with combustion capacities of over 150 kW, large amounts of fine ash (bulk density less than 400 kg/m3) can occur. Occasionally these can contain such high concentrations of heavy metals that, for environmental reasons, their use as fertilizers is not justifiable. 3. With stem products, the ash content and its melting behaviour under the influence of temperature play an important role.

51. 52. at Manually fed boilers for solid wood or pellets are available with a power range from 1 kW up to 100 kW thermal output. Automatically fed boilers are grouped into a 10–50 kW range that uses mainly wood pellets, and an output range above 50 kW in which the use of woodchip boilers is predominant. However, the output range of automatic heating supply stations running on solid biomass goes significantly beyond this. For example, biomass furnaces with combined local heat can provide heat output of up to several megawatts.

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