By Florian Coulmas

This e-book provides a accomplished research of 1 of the main urgent demanding situations dealing with Japan this present day: inhabitants decline and growing older. It argues that social getting older is a phenomenon that follows within the wake of industrialization, urbanization and social modernization, bringing approximately alterations in values, associations, social constructions, financial job, expertise and tradition, and posing many demanding situations for the nations affected. concentrating on the event of Japan, the writer explores: how Japan has famous the rising difficulties rather early simply because in past times part century inhabitants getting old has been extra speedy in Japan than in the other state how all of eastern society is suffering from social getting older, not only definite substructures and associations, and explains its advanced reasons, describes the ensuing demanding situations and analyses the recommendations into consideration to house it the character of Japan’s inhabitants dynamics when you consider that 1920, and argues that Japan is swiftly relocating towards a ‘hyperaged society’ within which these sixty-five or older account for twenty-five in line with cent of the full inhabitants the consequences for family members buildings and different social networks, gender roles and employment styles, wellbeing and fitness care and welfare provision, pension structures, immigration coverage, customer and balloting behaviour and the cultural reactions and ramifications of social growing old.

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Extra info for Population Decline and Ageing in Japan - The Social Consequences (Routledge Contemporary Japan Series)

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This is a new experience and a new kind of relationship, as the ‘we’ feeling of friends and peer groups typically develops earlier rather than later in life. Taking up new relationships late in life is found difficult by most people, but it is a skill rapidly gaining importance in a more mobile society that promotes intra-generational independence. 9 The subjects of the investigation were retirees from regular employment. Of the 1,256 respondents, 97 per cent were men, reflecting the fact that regular employment to retirement age is overwhelmingly male, or was so until very recently.

Such a development is self-reinforcing: the smaller the network the less likely its expansion and the greater the tendency to live reclusively. As the number of elderly people concerned is on the rise, there is growing awareness that organized countermeasures are needed to cope with the problem (Katagiri, 1999). Social networks and mortality The importance of social ligatures in the hyper-aged society lies not just in making life after retirement more comfortable; it is a question of life and death.

There are, however, successful and promising examples ranging from relocating elderly services to nurseries and kindergartens to establishing day-care programmes where elders are assigned active roles as caregivers for infants. Of late, age-integrated facilities of this sort have been established by non-state organizations as well as within the framework of conventional state-run welfare facilities the most common being the combination of day service centres for the elderly with nursery schools.

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