By Jacco Dieleman

This e-book is an research into the sector of creation and use of 2 comparable bilingual magical handbooks chanced on as a part of a bigger choice of magical and alchemical manuscripts round 1828 within the hills surrounding Luxor, Egypt. either handbooks, courting to the Roman interval, include an collection of recipes for magical rites within the Demotic and Greek language. The library which includes those handbooks is these days larger often called the Theban Magical Library. The booklet strains the social and cultural milieu of the composers, compilers and clients of the extant spells via a mixture of philology, sociolinguistics and cultural research. To anyone engaged on Greco-Roman Egypt, historical magic, and bilingualism this examine is of important significance.

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Extra info for Priests, Tongues, and Rites: The London-Leiden Magical Manuscripts and Translation in Egyptian Ritual, 100-300 CE (Religions in the Graeco-Roman World)

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Introduction P. London 121 P. BM 10588 P. Louvre 3229 magical handbook magical handbook magical handbook 15 PGM VII PGM LXI/PDM lxi PDM Suppl. Upon their arrival in Europe the magical handbooks did not produce general enthusiasm among scholars of the day. C. 42 Most scholars, however, were not impressed by the find, since they regarded the texts to be the barbaric products of superstition and of a bastardised society in which not much was left of the standards and ideals of either classical Greek or pharaonic culture.

Several spells are headed by a title, either written in the middle of an empty line above the spell or directly connected with the first line of the recipe itself. 351–364) is followed by a diagram with numbers, the so-called ‘Demokritos’ sphere’ (Greek column 11). Four times a recipe is provided with a sketchy drawing that should be copied in the course of a ritual: a divine figure sitting on a throne (Greek column 12; fig. 2),33 a standing Seth animal holding two spears (Demotic column IV; fig. 3),34 Anubis standing at the mummy’s bier (Demotic column I, top; fig.

Naples 1984) vol. 3, 1355–1360. 26 See Hermann Junker, ‘Auszug der Hathor-Tefnut aus Nubien’ AkPAW (Berlin 1911) appendix 3; Idem, Die Onurislegende (DAW Wien 59/1–2; Vienna 1917), the Demotic text is discussed on pages 162–165; Danielle Inconnu-Bocquillon, Le mythe de la Déesse Lointaine à Philae (BdE 132; Cairo 2001). Note that the Demotic version of the myth is remarkably absent from the latter publication. 32 chapter two The verso side of the manuscript preserves a diverse collection of magical spells in Demotic and Greek.

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