By Giulio Casati, Boris Chirikov

This ebook represents a entire review of our current knowing of chaotic habit in a wide selection of quantum and semiclassical structures, and describes either experimental and theoretical investigations. A common advent units out the most beneficial properties of chaos in quantum platforms. Thereafter, in an authoritative choice of new or formerly released papers, fashionable scientists recommend their specific interpretations of quantum chaos just about a extensive variety of attention-grabbing actual structures.

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Then, when measuring some particular observable 34 KINEMATICAL THEORY OF SPINNING PARTICLES A by observers O and O', the formalism has to describe on theoretical grounds not only the values of their respective measurements but also the way both observers relate them, in terms of their relative situation or motion. , how many they are and how they are related. A second part of the relativity principle is that the way two inertial observers relate their respective measurements of any physical magnitude depends only on how they relate their measurements of arbitrary space-time events.

Loebl, Group Theory and its applications, Acad. Press, NY (1971), vol. 2, p. 221. 1. 13 M. Rivas, J. Phys. A 18, 1971 (1985); J. Math. Phys. 30, 318 (1989); J. Math. Phys. 35, 3380 (1994). 14. 15 H. M. Levy-Leblond, J. Math. Phys. 9, 1605 (1968). A. del Olmo and M. Santander, J. Phys. A 14, 1 (1981). Chapter 2 NONRELATIVISTIC ELEMENTARY PARTICLES In this chapter different kinds of nonrelativistic particles are analyzed, by considering the Galilei group G as the kinematical group of space-time transformations that implements the relativity principle.

Starting with massive points we can construct arbitrary systems of any mass and shape, and thus any distribution of matter. The massive point can be considered as the elementary particle of Newtonian G E N E R A L F O R M A L I S M 35 mechanics. In the modern view of particle physics it corresponds to a spinless particle. We know that there exist spinning objects like electrons, muons, photons, neutrinos, quarks and perhaps many others, that can be considered as elementary particles in the sense that they cannot be considered as compound systems of other objects.

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