By Committee on Responding to Oil Spills; Ocean Studies Board; Polar Research Board; Division of Earth and Life Studies; Marine Board; National Research Council

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Extra info for Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment

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It was estimated to be carrying approximately 53 million gallons when it was wrecked. S. coastal waters. Oil from the spill reached nearly 2,100 km of coastline, approximately 200 of which were considered heavily oiled. The other 1,750 km were either lightly or very lightly oiled. The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council estimates as many as 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 sea otters, 300 harbor seals, 250 bald eagles, and 22 killer whales died as a result of the incident. Deepwater Horizon — On April 20, 2010, there was an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil platform as it drilled the Macondo Well in the Gulf of Mexico.

Alaska State) entities during planning and response. REPORT ORGANIZATION While the following chapters are roughly divided along the charges within the Statement of Task, there are many areas where the charges are woven together or split apart. S. Arctic. This chapter mainly addresses task 4 on strategies for establishing the types of baseline information needed before a spill, but also addresses part of task 2 regarding anticipated operating conditions. indd 22 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.

There has been an increase in seasonal maritime traffic from increased oil and gas exploration, ship-based oceanographic research missions from a variety of nations (including some that are newer to Arctic research, such as South Korea and China), tourism vessels, and shipping of oil and other commodities from Russia through the Northern Sea Route (Arctic Council, 2009). These trends are expected to continue, with additional traffic potential from the development of large-scale mineral deposits in the Canadian and Russian Arctic and the development of new oil fields in the Alaskan OCS.

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