By Martin J.L. Turner

The revised variation of this functional, hands-on ebook discusses the release autos in use this present day during the global, and comprises the newest information on complex structures being constructed, equivalent to electrical and nuclear propulsion. the writer covers the basics, from the fundamental rules of rocket propulsion and automobile dynamics throughout the thought and perform of liquid and good propellant automobiles, to new and destiny advancements. He presents a significant exposition of the foundations and perform of rocket propulsion, from the viewpoint of the consumer who's now not an engineering expert.

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Additional resources for Rocket and Spacecraft Propulsion: Principles, Practice and New Developments, Third Edition (Springer Praxis Books Astronautical Engineering)

Example text

That nation was the United States of America. After the Second World War, the United States conducted rocket development based on indigenous technology, and the new ideas coming from the German programme, involving von Braun. Inter-service rivalry contributed to the difficulties in achieving the first US satellite launch, which was mirrored by the divisions between different design bureaux in the Soviet Union, although there it was less costly. The Army developed the Redstone rocket, basically improving upon the A4, in the same way that the R series developed in the USSR.

O'r' -,,-' ! / . '. s .! // i /' 5000 = : //~.. s ::::·:::·::·:::··t::·:.. 6. Tsiolkovsky's rocket equation. l In most cases, the final velocity of the rocket needs to be known, and here the appropriate value is the mass ratio when all the fuel is exhausted. Unless otherwise stated, the final mass ratio should be assumed. The rocket equation shows that the final speed depends upon only two numbers: the final mass ratio, and the exhaust velocity. It does not depend on the thrust, rather surprisingly, or the size of the rocket engine, or the time the rocket burns, or any other parameter.

Both of these manoeuvres are elliptical orbit transfers. A further acceleration is then needed to match the target speed; that is, to Sec. 9. Injection velocity and altitude. circularise the orbit of the shuttle. These orbits need only be separated from one another by a few tens of kilometres, and the velocity changes are small. A decrease in velocity when a spacecraft is in a circular orbit causes it to enter an elliptical orbit. The apogee is at the same altitude as the circular orbit, and the perigee is determined by the velocity decrease.

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