By Eric Scerri

This ebook includes key articles via Eric Scerri, the best authority at the historical past and philosophy of the periodic desk of the weather and the writer of a best-selling publication at the topic. The articles discover a variety of subject matters corresponding to the old evolution of the periodic method in addition to its philosophical prestige and its courting to trendy quantum physics. This quantity includes a few in-depth learn papers from journals in background and philosophy of technological know-how, in addition to quantum chemistry. different articles are from extra obtainable magazines like American Scientist. the writer has additionally supplied an in depth new creation to be able to combine this paintings masking a interval of 2 a long time. This must-have booklet is totally detailed as there's not anything of this way at the moment available to buy.

Readership: educational readers: philosophers and technology historians, technological know-how educators, chemists and physicists.

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1925. Uber den zusammenhang des abschlusses der elektrongruppen im atom lnit der komplexstruktur der spektren. Zeitschrift fur Physik. 31:765-783. Scerri, E. R. 1991. Electronic configurations, quantum mechanics and reduction. British Joumnl for the Philosophy of Science 42:309-325. Scerri, E. R. 1994. Plus <;a change ... Chemistry in Britail1. 30:379-381. , and j. Butterworth. 1997. Time to die ... New Scientist (5 April) 32-35. Thomson, j. j. 1904. On the structure of the atom. Philosophical Magazil1e 7:237-265.

VanSpronsen,j. 1969. TilePeriodicSystel1l of Chemical Elemellts, a History of the First HUl1dred Years. Amsterdam: Elsevier. 1997 November-December 553 43 How Good Is the Quantum Mechanical Explanation of the Periodic System? by Eric R. Scerri The use of quantum mechanics. or more specifically, orĀ· bitals and electronic configurations in teaching general chemistry is now such a widespread trend that it would be utterly futile to try to reverse it. Moreover, orbitals and configurations have been extremely useful in providing a theoretical framework for the unification of a multitude of chemical facts.

For example Pauli writes, ... We must not put the atoms in the shackles of our prejudices (of which the assumption of electron orbits in the sense of ordinary kinematics is an example); on the contrary we must adapt our concepts to experience (Pauli [1924]). The new quantum mechanics contradicts this independent electron model as it is often called. In Heisenberg's formulation of quantum mechanics the fundamental equation is, dF/dt=i[H, F]/h where [H, F] denotes HF - FH, F is any operator, H is the Hamiltonian operator of the system and h is h/2n.

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