By Jan Willem Van Henton, J. W. Van Henten, Pieter Willem Van Der Horst

This quantity comprises the papers of a workshop on Jewish epigraphy in antiquity equipped at Utrecht college in 1992. between the members have been collaborators of the Cambridge Jewish Inscriptions venture and of the Tubinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients venture. vital features of old Jewish inscriptions are highlighted within the papers, just like the connection among documentary and literary texts. a number of papers concentrate on points of the historical past of Jewish groups within the diaspora. experts in Jewish epigraphy will locate surveys of components of the corpus of Jewish inscriptions (curse inscriptions, metrical epitaphs, alphabet-inscriptions) and discussions of a few fastened critiques, and Jewish inscriptions are mentioned in a much wider literary and old contexts as good. CONTENTS: William Horbury, `Jewish Inscriptions and Jewish Literature in Egypt, with particular connection with Ecclesiasticus'. Jan Willem van Henten, `A Jewish Epitaph in a Literary textual content: four Macc 17:8-10'. Johan H.M. Strubbe, 'Curses opposed to Violation of the Grave in Jewish Epitaphs from Asia Minor'. Pieter W. van der Horst, `Jewish Poetical Tomb Inscriptions'. Alice J. Bij de Vaate, `Alphabet-Inscriptions from Jewish Graves'. David Noy, `The Jewish groups of Leontopolis and Venosa'. Gert Luderitz, `What is the Politeuma?' Tessa Rajak, `Inscription and Context: analyzing the Jewish Catacombs of Rome'. Gerard Mussies, `Jewish own Names in a few Non-Literary Sources'. Hanswulf Bloedhorn, `Zur Architektur der Synagogen in der Diaspora'.

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2 5 So (in accord with the Greek and the usual associations of i1p1� in Ben Sira) NRSV, REB, and G. L. 46, 393-4; with less probability, the virtues in both halves of the line are taken in a general sense in A. A. Di Lella & P. Skehan, The Wisdom of Ben Sira (New York: 1987) , ad loc. 26 W. uv �Oleos EWV aocp [(aL ] "having helped many by his wisdom". Not only government but also many particular professions are associated with wisdom, as appears from Sir 38:24-39: 1 1 . Nevertheless, the suggestion that Demas was a physician (a profession singled out for praise by Ben Sira) , although it is commended by the medical associations which �o1186s can have, seems less likely than the view that he was yet another magistrate [30 line 4, with comment] .

On the other hand, the characteristically scriptural epithet 8(KalOS' occurs in Ecclesiasticus (although by no means so often as in Wisdom) , but is lacking in the inscriptions. lOS' in the Greek Ecclesiasticus (26: 15; 40: 1 9) . One shared epithet is d yaeo s , used of the good wife in Ecclesiasticus (7: 1 9; 26: 1 , 3, 1 6) , in 26: 1 6 as yet another word in the sense of 'modest' or 'chaste' . lapTWAO S' , chosen to render l11 , 'bad' ) . lapTWAOS' is the borrower who does not repay, as in Ps.

JEWISH INSCRIPTIONS AND JEWISH LITERATURE IN EGYPT 43 (iv) The values expressed in Greek terms in the encomia of the Egyptian Jewish epitaphs are not remote from the thought of the Judaean Jew Ben Sira in his development of the biblical Wisdom tradition; epithets overlap only occasionally, but general presuppo­ sitions seem closely similar. (v) On lamentation, the inscriptions are close to Ecclesiasticus in both content and J anguage. utes to their elucidation, confirming, for example, that they are unlikely to reflect the practice of cremation .

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