By Steven J. Zaloga

The Soviet military swiftly constructed the T-62 in a fight to compete opposed to the speedy proliferation of NATO tanks within the Nineteen Sixties. It used to be primarily a amendment of the widely-manufactured T-55 tank with the addition of a brand new 115mm gun. in the USSR itself, the T-62 was once fast outmoded, however it was once largely exported, changing into a serious element of the Egyptian and Syrian armies within the 1973 Yom Kippur clash and seriously stimulated later designs of the M1 Abrams and Challenger tanks.

In the 1st English-language heritage of this tank, Steven Zaloga examines the improvement of the T-62 utilizing specific strive against descriptions to carry to existence the operational background of this tank from the deserts of the Sinai to the tough terrain of Afghanistan.

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Extra info for T-62 Main Battle Tank 1965-2005 (New Vanguard, Volume 158)

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The T-62M1-1 was a T-62M1 with the V-46-5M engine and was essentially the same as the T-62M-1, but without the Sheksna. T-62M1-2 was a version of the T-62M1, but lacking the glacis applique armor. T-62M1-2-1 was a T-62M1-2, but fitted with the improved V-46-5M engine. At the time of the Soviet collapse in 1991, there were only 243 T-62Ms in service in areas counted under the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty (CFE), meaning the western regions of the Soviet Union and units stationed in the Warsaw Pact countries; of these 60 were T-62M1 and 2 were T-62MK command tanks.

The disintegration of this unit led to the rout of the Syrian 5th Infantry Division in this sector and, over the course of the next day, a general rout of the Syrian Army along the whole front. By October 11, the IDF was able to field three armored divisions on the Golan front and began a counter offensive into Syria itself. The Syrian 3rd Armored Division's two T-62 brigades were sent to occupy the Sasa defensive line to the south of Damascus. Retreating Syrian forces accumulated behind these defenses and finally began to congeal.

The T-62 had better frontal armor and its novel ammunition offered it better firepower, at least on paper. Yet the critical factor was the superior Israeli training, most noticeable in tank gunnery. Israeli tanks regularly engaged Syrian tanks at ranges of 1,500m or more, while the Syrians were seldom effective at ranges over 1,000m. The combination of well-planned defensive positions as well as better training led to massive disparities in tank losses. Syrian and Egyptian tank losses were so severe that the Soviet Union had to rush massive shipments of tanks in the days before the ceasefire.

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