By Natalie Gold

There are various walks of lifestyles within which teamwork is located and during which, by way of universal consent, it can be larger. but even the main simple questions about groups stay unresolved. What makes a gaggle of people a crew? Does teamwork contain a unique form of reasoning? What makes groups winning? How can we learn how to be workforce avid gamers? This quantity brings jointly, for the 1st time, modern study from around the social sciences, addressing such questions from numerous theoretical and empirical views.

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J. Campbell (1988) Productivity in organizations. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Campion, M. , Medsker, G. J. and Higgs, A. C. (1993) ‘Relations between work group characteristics and effectiveness: Implications for designing effective work groups’, Personnel Psychology, 46, 823–850. Caporael, L. R. (1997). ‘The evolution of truly social cognition: The core configuration model’, Personality and Social Psychology Review, 1, 276–298. Cattell, R. (1947) ‘Confirmation and Clarification of Personality Factors’, Psychometrica 12, 197–220.

Competence In the paradigm examples of the rational choice approach, agents are symmetrical. They have the same strategies available to them and the same payoffs. In practice, the individuals on the team will all be different. In particular, they may have different competences and abilities. In business and management, heterogeneity is seen as a key, and even a defining, feature of teams (Magjuka and Baldwin, 1991). g. Beddoes-Jones, 1999; Belbin, 1981). Some of this is based on academic personality psychology (although that places more emphasis on identifying a parsimonious set of underlying dimensions which together capture all personality differences, reducing these from 16 (Cattell, 1947) to five (McCrae and John, 1992) to three factors (Eysenck, 1991), rather than on the classification of people) but such individual differences have yet to be widely incorporated into the academic study of teamwork.

Eysenck, H. J. (1991) ‘Dimensions of Personality 16, 5, or 3? Criteria for a Taxonomic Paradigm’, Personality and Individual Differences 12, 773–90. Hamilton, W. (1964) ‘The genetical evolution of social behaviour I & II’, Journal of Theoretical Biology 7, 1–16, 17–52. Hirschman, A. : Harvard University Press). Holmstrom, B. (1982) ‘Moral hazard in teams’, Bell Journal of Economics 13, 324–340. Kramer, R. M. and Brewer, M. B. (1984) ‘Effects of Group Identity on Resource Use in a Simulated Commons Dilemma’, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46(5), 1044–1057.

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