By John E. Bates

Makes an attempt to bridge the distance among behaviourally-oriented and biologically-oriented ways to the learn of temperament. This quantity highlights the most important mind platforms implicated and considers the neurochemical tactics, the behavioural structures and genetics concept be interested by temperament.

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Additional info for Temperament: Individual Differences at the Interface of Biology and Behavior (Apa Science Volumes)

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Gallagher, M. (1982). Multiple unit activity recorded from amygdala central nucleus during Pavlovian heart rate conditioning in rabbit. Brain Research, 238, 457-462. 43 JOSEPH E. STEINMETZ Bates, J. E. (1989). Concepts and measurements of temperament. In G. A. Kohnstamm, J. E. Bates, & M. K. ), Temperament in childhood (pp. 3-26). New York: Wiley. Bekkers, J. , & Stevens, C. F. (1990). Presynaptic mechanism for long-term potentiation in the hippocampus. Nature, 346, 724-729. , & Kulik, J. (1977).

The emotional aspects of amygdaloid function were first detailed by Kluver and Bucy (1939), who described a constellation of changes in emotion-related behaviors in monkeys after amygdaloid lesions. Since these observations, interest in studying the involvement of the amygdala in emotions and emotion-related behavior has remained. Figure 3 shows the major patterns of connectivity between the amygdala and a variety of other brain regions. Several cortical connections can be seen including the olfactory cortex, the entorhinal cortex, the hippocampus, the temporal cortex, the insular cortex, and the orbital and medial prefrontal cortices.

Similar to the powerful effects that fear has on learning and memory, flashbulb memories illustrate the point that emotions can greatly affect the processes of learning and memory. Again, these data support the idea that memory and emotions or temperament are somewhat interrelated. Given the observations that the same or similar neural structures are involved in a variety of processes related to learning and memory and processes related to emotions or temperament and that emotional experiences can affect learning and memory, it seems likely that there might be a relationship between memory and temperament processes during the generation of behavior thought to reflect temperament.

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