By P. M. Holt

First released in 1970, The Cambridge heritage of Islam is the main finished and impressive collaborative survey of Islamic heritage and civilization but to seem in English. On book it was once welcomed as a piece beneficial for either reference and examining, for the overall reader, scholar and professional alike. It has now been reprinted, with corrections, and for ease of dealing with the unique hardcover volumes have every one been divided into separate paperbacks

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Humayun marched against him and gained a decisive victory. The sultan of Gujarat, Bahadur Shah, thought it opportune to send three columns against various points in Mughal territories, all of which were defeated. Bahadur Shah, who had been besieging Chitor, turned after its fall towards Humayun, who had reached Mandasor, only sixty 36 Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 INDIA UNDER THE MUGHALS miles away, in pursuit of one of the Gujarat columns. Bahadur Shah, instead of attacking Humayun, entrenched himself in a camp.

Little is known of events in Sind after this, and the chronology is uncertain; but the later Samma kings are known to have been connected by marriage to the royal house of Gujarat, and received support from Gujarat when rebels, mostly Mongols of the Arghun tribe, rose against the Jam, and again when reports came of persecution of Muslims by local Hindus. The dynasty, however, continued to rule until 933/1527, when the Arghuns gained control of Sind. In Gujarat Muzaffar Khan, who had been appointed governor in 793 /i 3 91, declared his independence after five years.

THE SAYYID AND LODI DYNASTIES IN DELHI A certain Khizr Khan had been appointed governor of Multan by Feroz Shah. When Timur invaded the sultanate, Khizr Khan cast his lot with him and was appointed governor of the Panjab and Upper Sind. He consolidated his power, and ultimately absorbed Delhi. e. a descendant of the Prophet. The history of his reign is mostly a narrative of expeditions against recalcitrant chiefs for the zz Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 MUSLIM INDIA BEFORE THE MUGHALS collection of revenue and their reduction to allegiance.

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