By Peter Harrington

Within the final years of his reign Henry VIII wanted a considerably sleek approach of protection to guard England and its newly Protestant Church. waiting for a overseas onslaught from Catholic Europe after his cut up from Rome, Henry energetically started the development of greater than 20 stone forts to guard England's significant ports and estuaries, when modernizing current fortresses from Hull to Milford Haven. nearly all of this used to be paid for along with his new-found fortune plundered from the monasteries, permitting Henry to hire a powerful crew good provided with materials.

Aided through first-class full-color illustrations and a number of photos and diagrams, Peter Harrington explores the departure from artillery-vulnerable medieval citadel designs to the low, good stone fortresses encouraged via eu principles. He explains the clinical care taken to pick websites for those castles, and the transition from medieval to fashionable during this ultimate surge of English fort building. With a lot of those fortifications nonetheless status this day, this can be a terrific ebook for fortification lovers and travelers alike.

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Additional info for The Castles of Henry VIII (Fortress, Volume 66)

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Rumours of war were rife and it appeared that the French and Imperial ambassadors to Henry’s court were about to be recalled. The ambassadors did depart the country but the French informed Thomas Cromwell that a replacement would soon arrive. Nonetheless, before his departure, the French ambassador was informed that ‘the King was quite able to defend himself’, and was shown Cromwell’s own armoury as an example of the kind of advanced preparations then in place. Another rumour spread that Francis and Charles were preparing to issue a proclamation forbidding countries to have any dealings with England.

Qxd 5/30/07 10:28 PM Page 44 The castles in war The invasion scare of 1538–39 The irony of the Henrician castles is that by the time they were completed, the threat they had been intended to counter had passed over, and they were never tested during the reign of Henry VIII. In fact, as early as 1539 when many of the building operations were just getting started, the likelihood of invasion had largely receded, but the king continued with the programme, viewing it as a worthwhile investment for the long-term defence of his realm.

Life in the castles must have been tedious and tensions between the garrisons might have occasionally been high. For example, on November 18, 1545 the Privy Council in London received the following complaint: John Barley, deputy of Walmer castle, complaining of interruption by Wm. Blechenden, his captain, and John Barrowe and Henry Griffyn, gunners there, complaining that they are thrust out, letters were written to Blechenden for their continuance. 40 In April the following year, the Privy Council issued warrants to the treasurer of the Chamber for 38 shillings, for conduct and coats, ‘to John Barroe [sic] and Henry Griffyn, late gunners at Walmer castle and dismissed for lewd demeanour to their captain’.

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