By Anita Guerrini

The Courtiers' Anatomists is set lifeless our bodies and dwell animals in Louis XIV's Paris--and the astonishing hyperlinks among them. studying the perform of seventeenth-century anatomy, Anita Guerrini finds how anatomy and average historical past have been hooked up via animal dissection and vivisection. pushed by way of an insatiable interest, Parisian scientists, with the help of the king, dissected hundreds and hundreds of animals from the royal menageries and the streets of Paris. Guerrini is the 1st to inform the tale of Joseph-Guichard Duverney, who played violent, riot-inducing dissections of either animal and human our bodies ahead of the king at Versailles and in entrance of enormous quantities of spectators on the King's backyard in Paris. on the Paris Academy of Sciences, in the meantime, Claude Perrault, with assistance from Duverney’s dissections, edited folios within the 1670s choked with lavish illustrations through courtroom artists of unique royal animals.

in the course of the tales of Duverney and Perrault, in addition to these of Marin Cureau de los angeles Chambre, Jean Pecquet, and Louis Gayant, The Courtiers' Anatomists explores the relationships among empiricism and conception, human and animal, in addition to the origins of the traditional heritage museum and the connection among technological know-how and different cultural actions, together with paintings, track, and literature.

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ONE Anatomists and Courtiers 1. A Geography of Paris Anatomy in the Seventeenth Century Under cover of night, the dead of Paris made their journey from the burial grounds to the places of dissection. In this era of recurrent plagues, their numbers never dwindled, and for three centuries from the 1530s, they did not lie quiet in their graves. The cemetery of Saints-Innocents, between the rue de la Ferronerie and the rue St. Denis, was one of the few places with streetlamps until Louis XIV ordered the installation of thousands of candlelanterns across Paris.

Gaspard Bauhin learned to dissect in this way. As an undergraduate, he studied in Basel with Rondelet’s former student Felix Platter. 87 Basel highly prized the skills he thus acquired, and its physicians sponsored his first public anatomy demonstration soon after his return in 1581. Unlike du Laurens and Bauhin, Riolan the younger, called by Thomas Bartholin (1616–80) “the prince of anatomists,” was entirely a product of the Paris Faculty, where he benefited greatly from its inbreeding. Elected to the faculty’s new chair in anatomy as well as a medical chair at the Collège 36 / Chapter One Royal as soon as he received his degree in 1604, he first published on the topic in the following year with a short treatise attached to the end of the latest edition of his father’s works.

77 Books, and particularly textbooks of various kinds, constituted an important source of anatomical knowledge. ”78 The textbook tradition in anatomy dated back to Mondino de’Liuzzi’s of 1316, which accompanied generations of medical students until the early sixteenth century. 79 They ranged from enormous Latin tomes with few or no illustrations to large-format illustrated atlases to smaller and less expensive surgical texts. Most of the latter texts, such as Paré’s Anatomie universelle du corps humain, presented learned theory in the vernacular, often alongside instruction in specific surgical operations.

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