By Christopher Melchert

The Sunni colleges of legislation are named for jurisprudents of the eighth and ninth centuries, yet they didn't really functionality so early. the most department at the moment was once relatively among adherents of ra'y and hadith. the colleges had no average technique of forming scholars. depending normally on biographical dictionaries, this examine lines the constitutive parts of the classical faculties and unearths that they got here jointly within the early 10th-century, rather with the paintings of Ibn Survaj (d. 306/918), al-Khallal (d. 311/923), and a sequence of hanafi lecturers finishing with al-Karkhi (d. 340/952). Malikism prospered within the West for political purposes, whereas the ahiri and Jariri faculties light out because of their refusal to undertake the typical new educating tools. during this e-book the writer fleshes out those old advancements, whereas while constructing a few diversified perpectives.

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Extra info for The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, 9Th-10th Centuries C.E (Studies in Islamic Law and Society, V. 4)

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In 15 (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 18791901), 3:1113 = Tarikh al-'[abarr, ed. Mul]ammad Abii ai-Faql Ibrahim, Dhakha'ir ai-'Arab 30, 10 vols. (Cairo: Dar al-Ma'arif, 1960-1969), 8:632. On the connection of the Inquisition with l;lanafism, v. v. "Mihna," by Martin Hinds. , Fa4l al-i'tizal wa-tabaqiit al-mu'tazilah (Tunis: ai-Dar ai-Tiinisiyah lii-Nashr, 1974), 74. For the pointing of his name, v. Ibn l;lajar, Tab~fr al-muntabih, ed. ammad 'Ali ai-Najjar, 4 vols. -67), 4:1330. , 318; Ibn al-Murtada, Die Klassender Mu'taziliten, ed.

The I:Ianafiyah of the ninth century met the traditionalist challenge in another fashion, as well, mainly traditionalizing their own jurisprudence. On the one hand, this meant fitting out their tenets with a basis in hadith reports from the Prophet; on the other hand, it meant dissociating Abu I:Ianifah from dubious, anti-traditionalist theological positions. ammad al-Shaybani, the first great collector of the opinions of Abu Hanifah and Abu Yusuf. All the pieces of the classical school were· now in place, save possibly the classical method of teaching.

He said, "I went to Kufa and heard him give juridical opinions, so I wrote down his answers. Then I was away from Kufa for ten 12 Al-Kha(Th al-Baghdadi, Tarikh 5:350. ):221. , Tarikh 5:351. 15 Fuat Sezgin, Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums, 9 vols. (E. J. Brill, 1967-), 1:436. 16 Ibn al-Nadi"m, Kitab al-Fihrist, ed. Gustav Fliigel, w/ Johannes Roediger & August Mueller (Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1872), 206 = fann 2, maqtilah 6. 13 52 CHAPTER THREE years. " That bothered me as it had bothered 'Abbad.

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