By Kirsty Carpenter, Philip Mansel

The Emigration in the course of the French Revolution has usually been handled with scorn. it's time to redress this imbalance and to envision the Emigration in additional aspect. have been the emigres the disasters they have been styled, via Balzac between others - drained remnants of a misplaced civilisation? This ebook seeks to discover the Emigration as either a cultural and political phenomenon, underpinned by means of the information of the Enlightenment and supported via probably the most incredible writers and artists in France on the finish of the eighteenth century. It indicates that one of the emigres used to be a wider cross-section of French humans than has formerly been represented. no longer all desired to repair absolutely the monarchy yet few sought after a republic. The emigres have been political refugees, stuck among the family turmoil of France and the overseas rivalries of the ecu powers. Many for this reason accomplished strength either inside and outdoors France. this is often their tale.

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112. 113. 114. 115. 27 BM Add. Msss. 38364 f. 216 Most Secret Memorandum by Liverpool 4 January 1814; Dorothy Margaret Stuart, Dearest Bess, 1955, p. 203 diary of 1813. Ernest Taylor ed. The Taylor Papers, 1913, p. 123, Lord Yarmouth to General Taylor, 16 January 1814. Webster, British Diplomacy, p. 145; BM Add. Mss. 47245 f 107 Lieven to Nesselrode 14/26 January 1814 (secret). BM Add. Mss. 38256 f 310 Angoulême to Duchesse d’Angoulême, 7 March 1814 (copy); Duke of Wellington Despatches, 13 vols.

An officer wrote to his brother M. de Gallifet a raison; en reçevant nos grades nous avons fait serment de vivre et de mourir pour le Roi. Maintenant que Louis XVI est prisonnier dans son château des Tuileries, que des factieux lui imposent leurs néfastes volontés, nous manquons à notre devoir en n’allant pas nous joindre aux fidèles de la monarchie. And his brother replied: Les émigrants seront incapables de battre les troupes que leur opposera l’Assemblée, ils feront appel aux Austrichiens, aux Prussiens: voudrez-vous lutter contre votre pays aux côtés de ces ennemis héréditaires de la France?

If he was in disagreement with Monsieur, or the Comte d’ Artois, he would not let it show. They were the King’s brothers, to whom he owed obedience. His political opinions were simple, even narrow: restore everything to its former state. If, however, Mirabeau can be believed he possessed intellectual qualities; Je suis frappé de cette netteté de discussion, de cette expression toujours juste, de cette succession de développements, de cette analyse qui, dans sa bouche, réduit les questions à un point, et qui d’une missive laconique, fait un traité.

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