By Tan Tai Yong
Following the Mutiny of 1857, different factors impelled the British to show to the province of Punjab in north-western India because the relevant recruiting floor for the Indian military. This booklet examines the techniques in which the politics and political economic system of colonial Punjab used to be militarised by means of the province`s place because the `sword arm` of the Raj.
The militarisation of the management within the Punjab used to be characterized by way of a conjunction of the army, civil and political professionals. This resulted in the emergence of a uniquely civil-military regime, a phenomenon that was once no longer replicated anyplace else in British India, certainly within the Empire. Analysing those occasions, this book:
- reviews the style during which the Punjab grew to become the most recruiting flooring for the Indian Army
- appears at how convinced districts have been chosen for army recruitment, and the standards motivating the `military periods` one of the Punjabis to hitch the Army
- Discusses the results of the 1st global battle at the recruitment method within the Punjab
- Highlights the position the civil-military regime performed within the politics of the Punjab, its survival after the second one international conflict and the way during which it dealt with the call for for Pakistan and the next partitioning of the province.
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Additional resources for The Garrison State: Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849-1947
254. 79 The term purbiya, which literally means “easterner”, was derived from the Persian word “Purab”, meaning east. The Punjabis and British officers serving in the Punjab often used the term to refer, in a pejorative sense, to the Hindustani sepoys from the north-central plains of India. 77 78 56 The Garrison State The Punjab was indeed custom-made to play the role of counterweight to the Hindustanis within the Bengal Army. There was a certain amount of historical hostility between the Punjabis and the purbiyas reinforced as it were by differences in religion, race and language.
3 High-caste Rajputs and Brahmins, sought after by regiments of the Bengal Army, took advantage of the economic opportunities that military service offered to dominate posts in the regiments at the expense of lower castes. 4 But within a period of less than fifty years, by the end of the nineteenth century, all this had changed. H. ), The Cambridge History of India, Cambridge, 1932, Vol. 6, p. 158. 2 In the early nineteenth century, Hindustanis and Konkanis accounted for over ninety per cent of the native regiments of the Bombay Army.
53. 71 It did not, however, specify in detail which “nationalities and castes” were to be recruited, or excluded. The Commission’s recommendation that a wide variety of castes be recruited to the native army shattered the monopoly of the Bengal Army by high caste Brahmins and Rajputs of north-central India, but it offered no guidelines as to who should be recruited in their place. The post-Mutiny Bengal Army was consequently reconstructed from the establishments still in force in 1858, but its underlying organizational principle was influenced by the strategy of “divide and rule” advocated by John Lawrence, Neville Chamberlain and Herbert Edwardes, the three members of the Punjab Committee formed to advise the Peel Commission.
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