By Denis Judd
Книга The Lion and the Tiger The Lion and the Tiger Книги Исторические Автор: Denis Judd Год издания: 2005 Формат: pdf Издат.:Oxford collage Press Страниц: 247 Размер: 1,1 Mb ISBN: 0192805797 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The British event in India begun in earnest over 400 years in the past, through the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. for a few years the English interlopers and investors who made touch with the subcontinent have been considered via Indians as little greater than pirates and in all probability not easy conquering barbarians. After a chain of large struggles opposed to the French and diverse neighborhood rulers throughout the eighteenth century, by way of the top of the Napoleonic Wars Britain had won mastery of the subcontinent. this era, and the century and a part that undefined, observed strong cultures locked in a frequently bloody conflict over political keep an eye on, land, alternate, and a lifestyle. Denis Judd tells the attention-grabbing tale of the extraordinary British effect upon India. All facets of this lengthy and debatable dating are mentioned, akin to the 1st tentative contacts among East and West, the basis of the East India corporation in 1600, the Victorian Raj in all its pomp and splendour, Gandhi's innovative strategies to overthrow the Raj and repair Indian to the Indians, and Lord Mountbatten's 'swift surgical procedure of Partition' in 1947, developing the 2 self reliant Commonwealth states of India and Pakistan. by contrast epic backdrop, and utilizing many revealing modern debts, Denis Judd explores the implications of British rule for either rulers and governed. have been the British cause on improvement or exploitation? have been they the 'civilizing' strength they claimed? What have been Britain's maximum legacies: democracy and the rule of thumb of legislations, or cricket and a good railway approach? effortless solutions are kept away from during this immensely readable, energetic, and authoritative booklet.
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Extra info for The lion and the tiger: the rise and fall of the British Raj, 1600-1947
As a result of these preoccupations, the British State came to play a larger part in the Company’s affairs. In 1773 34 conquest and corruption, 1708‒1815 Parliament passed the Regulating Act, which named a Governor General for Bengal, aided by four advisers, who was able to supervise the Governors of Bombay and Madras. The Regulating Act, however, was a fairly feeble measure of intervention. A decade later, in 1783, Charles James Fox, the great Whig reformer, introduced his India Bill. The purpose of Fox’s Bill was to attempt to give Parliament greater control over the administration in British India, while leaving commercial matters to the Company.
They laid them down to die. Their wounds unstaunch’d, with cold and thirst Our heroes suffered then the worst Upon that fatal plain. Many a man whose wounds were slight Thro’ the fell horrors of that night Will never ﬁght again. . . At length our gallant cavalry Scarce ﬁfteen hundred men, The ﬂower of Britain’s chivalry Prepare to charge again. That gallant chieftain Colonel White, These heroes bravely led; They sought the hottest of the ﬁght, Their path was strewn with dead. ’Twas plainly marked for all to see Where charged our British cavalry.
One Company man complained that ‘at home men are famous for doing nothing; here they are infamous for their honest endeavours. At home is respect and reward; abroad is disrespect and heartbreaking. At home is augmentation of wages; abroad no more than the third of wages. At home is content; abroad nothing so much as grief, cares and displeasure. At home is safety; abroad no security. ’4 In the early 1670s, in an attempt to improve some of their men’s lives in Bombay—and perhaps to cut down on liaisons with Indian women—the East India Company sent out twenty single Englishwomen of ‘sober and civil lives’.
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