By D. Orlow

This e-book is a crucial contribution to the examine of West eu fascism within the inter-war years. targeting the organizational and ideological family of the German Nazis and French and Dutch fascists, Dietrich Orlow analyzes the evolving attitudes and conflicts one of the Nazis towards the West ecu severe correct, besides the conflicting perspectives which French and Dutch fascists had in regards to the 3rd Reich within the years from 1933 onward.

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Additional resources for The Lure of Fascism in Western Europe: German Nazis, Dutch and French Fascists, 1933-1939

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The NSB insisted it was strictly a “Dutch form of national socialism, completely free of ties to the swastika. ”92 The NSB’s actual founding was inspired by the Nazis’ dramatic success in the September 1930 Reichstag elections, and the new party’s organization was unabashedly modeled on that of the NSDAP. There was even a Weerafdeling (Defense Unit, WA), the Dutch version of the Nazi Stormtroopers (SA). Whatever his ambitions as a leider (leader)—Mussert’s official title as head of the party—the NSB’s founder was no Hitler or Mussolini.

The Third Reich’s foreign policy ambitions aroused more ambivalent feelings. French and Dutch fascists certainly recognized Nazi Germany’s hegemonic ambitions, but they also welcomed the new regime’s leadership in the 18 The Lure of Fascism in Western Europe battle against fascism’s common international enemies: bolshevism, liberalism, democracy, “international Jewry,” and Freemasonry. The primary purpose of this chapter is to sketch the organizations and men who became important in the interaction between German Nazism and Dutch and French fascism after the Nazis’ coming to power.

Coty died in 1934, and his heirs were not willing to remain the SF’s financial angels. Efforts to lure followers away from the Communists failed. Instead, the SF became primarily an organization of lower-class North African immigrants, a development that led the SF’s rivals to describe it as the “Sidilarité française” (the name referred to the Sidi, the region of North Africa, which had been home to many of the organization’s supporters). 48 The Solidarité Française’s new leader, Jean Renaud, emphasized the group’s opposition to democracy, Jews, and Freemasons.

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