By Douglas Porch

(It is desolating to reali7e that upon those frivolous previous gendemen, with their fake secret and their part built technological know-how of warfare, rested the continuing life of ecu democracy, wrote British historian Philip Guedalla of the French excessive command in 1914. Such reviews weren't untypical within the aftermath of the good conflict. The deficiencies of the French military within the establishing months of that clash have been in basic terms too obvious. certainly, France had a military which seemed not able to determine within which ancient epoch it lived - its firepower used to be that of the twentieth century, yet its uniforms have been nearly unchanged because the moment Empire, whereas its strategies have been primarily these of the French Revolution.

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Le raisonnement énonce cette médiation. C'est là son sens, c'est pourquoi Hegel considère la réduction du raisonnement à un calcul comme une méconnaissance de la nature du concept, de même que tout retour à la poésie ou à la littérature lui paraît un abandon de la rigueur conceptuelle. Le discours dialectique du philosophe passe au-dessus de deux abîmes, la poésie et l'artifice mathématique. L'essentiel est cette unité du Moi et de ses déterminations comme médiation et comme sens. « Les pensées deviennent fluides quand la pure pensée, cette immédiateté intérieure, se connaît comme moment, ou quand la pure certitude de soi-même fait abstraction de soi; pour cela elle ne doit pas s'écarter ou se mettre à part, mais elle doit abandonner la fixité LOGIQUE ET EXISTENCE de son auto-position, soit la fixité du pur concret qui est le mJi même en opposition au contenu distinct, soit la fixité des différences qui, posées dans l'élément de la pure pensée, participent alors à cette inconditionnalité du Moi.

30. LA DIALECTIQUE PHILOSOPHIQUE pensée n'est pas un sens pur qui pourrait exister on ne sait où, en dehors de son expression comme l'essence au delà de l'apparence; elle n'est qu'en étant déjà là, qu'en se précédant elle-même, dans cette parole qui renvoie à la nature et à l'anthropologie par son matériel sonore, qui devance l'entendement par sa structure grammaticale, esquissant d'une façon, proVfique parfois, insuffisante d'a,utres fois, les formes de cet entendement. Cette parole, dans laquelle le signe sensible disparaît pour qu'on entende la signification, est encore dans sa forme immergée dans le sensible, tandis que dans son fond elle rassemble sans les distinguer nettement, ce dont on parle et celui qui parle.

Il y a une multiplicité de noms, des liens multiples entre eux. Le Moi est leur être universel, leur puissance, leur lien ( z). >> Mais ce Moi, celui qui parle, ne se trouve lui-même que dans et par ce langage. Il n'existe pas ailleurs comme singularité vraie ou universelle. Comprendre le nom c'est aller de significations en significations, c'est transcender le (r) Encyclopédie, § 45B : « Cet instinct logique donne naissance à l'élément grammatical. » (z) Real-philosophie d'Iéna et Encyclopérlié, § 463.

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