By Daniel Power

This particular learn of Normandy's frontiers within the 12th century explores how the dukes of Normandy, who have been additionally frequently kings of britain, managed the borders in their realm, and the way the neighborhood aristocracy spoke back to their rule. The publication discusses ties of land and kinship one of the frontier lords, and the way the political borders affected executive, legislation, the Church, and the fortunes of the neighborhood the Aristocracy. It culminates in a massive dialogue of the annexation of Normandy through the kings of France in 1204.

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Extra resources for The Norman Frontier in the Twelfth and Early Thirteenth Centuries

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St-Benoˆıt, i, no. lxxviii): ‘ecclesiam sancti Jacobi, que in confinio Normannie et Britannie sita est’; cf. Bates 1982, 56. The two foundation acts of Auchy (ADSM, 1 h 1, no. 1 (ed. 57 That territory was demarcated in various ways. From the very beginning the eastern limits of Norman power were defined in terms of rivers,58 and of six rivers in particular, as the Bresle, Epte, Eure, Avre, Sarthe and Couesnon came to be taken as the notional limits of Norman territory. 62 The frontier could even be imbued with moral qualities: Louis VII 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 nuncupatur in extremis partibus Normannie que¸ antiquitus Neustria uocabatur super flumen quod Algus dicitur in ea parte qua dividit Ambianensem prouintiam a terra Normanorum’.

Delisle 1851, 418–52, remains an indispensable gazetteer of viticulture in medieval Normandy and the French Vexin. Other examples, such as those in the Norman Vexin given by Deck (1974, 138), would not alter the geographical range significantly. For exemptions on the Seine, see the charters and cartularies of F´ecamp and St-Georges-deBoscherville (BMRO, y 51, y 52), Le Valasse (ADSM, 18 hp 28), Bonport (Ctl. Bonport, passim), St-Wandrille (Ch. St-Wandrille, 2e partie) and Jumi`eges (Ch. Jumi`eges, passim); below, pp.

12 Suger’s description of the Franco-Imperial border had a military context, for he was referring to the expected encounter between the French and Imperial armies in 1124. 15 References to the Norman marches were invariably in a military context such as inquests into knight-service or exchequer accounts and writs concerning the defence of the duchy. 16 All those who dealt with the duke’s military affairs along the Norman frontier regarded the Norman borderlands as distinct from the heart of the duchy.

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