By Barry R. Posen
Barry R. Posen explores how army doctrine takes form and the function it performs in grand strategy―that choice of army, monetary, and political potential and ends with which a nation makes an attempt to accomplish protection. Posen isolates 3 the most important parts of a given strategic doctrine: its offensive, shielding, or deterrent features, its integration of army assets with political goals, and the measure of army or operational innovation it comprises. He then examines those elements of doctrine from the views of association thought and stability of energy conception, bearing in mind the impact of know-how and geography.
Looking at interwar France, Britain, and Germany, Posen demanding situations each one concept to give an explanation for the German Blitzkrieg, the British air safety method, and the French Army's protective doctrine frequently linked to the Maginot Line. This rigorous comparative examine, within which the stability of energy conception emerges because the extra worthy, now not only
allows us to find very important implications for the examine of nationwide technique this day, but additionally serves to sharpen our realizing of the origins of global conflict II.
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Extra resources for The Sources of Military Doctrine: France, Britain, and Germany Between the World Wars
Such audits mitigate the tendency toward stagnation predicted by organization theory. Balance of power theory predicts heterogeneity along the dimen sion of offense-defense-deterrence, depending on the political objec tives of a state's grand strategy and on the geographical, tech nological, and political constraints and opportunities it faces . Balance of power theory can predict some details of military doctrine on the basis of the state's political "position" in the international system. It also predicts closer integration of a state's military doctrine with the political aspects of its grand strategy than does organization theory.
Military doctrines are in the day-to-day custody of military organi zations. Such organizations have a large part of the responsibility both for the construction of military doctrine and for its execution in wartime. Intuitively, one would be surprised if such organizations did not exert a powerful and distinctive influence on military doc trine, and through it on grand strategy as a whole . Reliance on intui tion alone is unnecessary, however. A rich, interrelated (if not en tirely coherent) body of propositions about organizations, militaries, and states provides a useful starting point for generating new hy potheses about the influence of military organizations on military doctrine .
These may change quickly, and demand changes of one's own . Finally, technological opportunities, both for the adversary and for oneself, may change . Soldiers must identify which ones are worth exploring, and at what rate . Is a re sponse in order, and how soon? Should the response imitate, or should a different technological counter be employed? Soldiering is a complicated business. Both soldiers and civilians have frequently guessed wrong on the many aspects of military doctrine. In some cases soldiers have inno vated in ways that were inconsistent with the political goals of their states.
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