By Jonathan H. Turner

Micro-level dynamics revolve round face-to-face interactions between contributors. What happens inside encounters is restricted via their embedding with company and categoric devices and, through extension, institutional domain names, stratification structures, neighborhood networks, societies, and inter-societal structures. during this instruction manual, the writer explores the influence of microdynamics on those better social systems.

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Often “norms” are seen as a noun but, in my view, they are more like a verb because expectations are assembled and then re-assembled during the course of interaction around several axes: (a) categorizing, (b) framing, (c) communicating, (d) ritualizing, and (e) feeling. As individuals enter encounters, they often “know” implicitly or explicitly the expectations associated with each of these axes, but as the encounter ensues, there are typically adjustments and readjustments of expectations. The dynamics of encounters are thus driven by expectations that are imposed by meso-level structures and their cultures, or assembled on the ground as individuals respond to each other in encounters.

The appropriate rituals to be employed 5. The appropriate emotions to be felt and displayed F. Meet transactional needs for: 1. Verifying types and levels of identity salient in the situation 2. Making profits in exchanges of resources 3. Sensing group inclusion for self in the interpersonal flow 4. Experiencing trust in others 5. Perceiving facticity G. Experience a high ratio of positive to negative emotions 3. The viability and ability to execute unfocused encounters is a positive and additive function of individuals’ capacities to: A.

At a brute physical level, the ecology of a situation simply imposes itself on individuals by its shear physicality. Walls, hallways, pathways, chairs, tables, benches, and other dimensions of ecology simply constrain individuals’ options for movement and assembly, forcing people to adapt to the constraints of spatial configurations and props. At another level, each element of situational ecology “means” something to individuals; space and props are also symbols that can be used to communicate meanings about self and others in an encounter.

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