By Ayhan Demirbas (auth.)

This booklet offers technical information and data on unconventional- and inactive power assets. After reviewing the present international strength scenario, person chapters talk about fossil gasoline resources and renewable strength assets. It specializes in destiny power platforms and explores renewable power situations together with water strength and tool, biofuels and algae strength. It additionally presents crucial info on power from inactive assets, power from waste material and the optimization of strength systems.

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A comparison of the renewable energy sources shows the current electrical energy cost to be 2–10 US¢/ kWh for geothermal and hydro, 5–13 US¢/kWh for wind, 5–15 US¢/kWh for biomass, 25–125 US¢/kWh for solar photovoltaic and 12–18 US¢/kWh for solar thermal electricity (Demirbas 2006a). Solar energy is defined as that radiant energy transmitted by the sun and intercepted by Earth. 20 and 15 lm. The availability of solar flux for terrestrial applications varies with season, time of day, location, and collecting surface orientation.

It is possible that wood, straw and even household wastes may be economically converted to bioethanol. Biodiesel is an environmentally friendly alternative liquid fuel that can be used in any diesel engine without modification. Biodiesel is better than diesel fuel in terms of sulfur content, flash point, aromatic content and biodegradability. Bioethanol is by far the most widely used bio-fuel for transportation worldwide. Global bioethanol production more than doubled between 2000 and 2005. About 60 % of global bioethanol production comes from sugarcane and 40 % from other crops.

Biofuels can be burned in such a way as to produce no harmful emissions. There are several reasons for biofuels to be considered as relevant technologies by both developing and industrialized countries. Due to its environmental benefits, the share of biofuel such as bioethanol and biodiesel in the automotive fuel market will grow fast in the next decade. Bioethanol is a petrol additive/substitute. It is possible that wood, straw and even household wastes may be economically converted to bioethanol.

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