By Shinichiro Nakamura, Yasushi Kondo (eds.)

The expanding use of input-output research (IOA) in business Ecology (IE) for life-cycle evaluate (LCA), fabric circulate research (MFA), and life-cycle costing (LCC) demands a self-contained e-book on IOA which can meet the desires of practitioners with no compromising on uncomplicated techniques and most recent advancements. "Waste Input-Output research" addresses those needs.

The commonplace IOA has the weak spot that it doesn't reflect on the actual flows of waste and the task of waste administration. to deal with this challenge, the authors have built the Waste Input-Output version (WIO) which addresses those concerns explicitly.

The significant goal of this e-book is to make WIO available to the scholars and practitioners of IE. "Waste Input-Output research" is exclusive in its insurance of either the fundamentals of IOA and its program to IE with distinctive emphasis on problems with waste administration. No pre-knowledge is needed on IOA.

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Extra info for Waste Input-Output Analysis: Concepts and Application to Industrial Ecology

Example text

36) also holds in this case. 41), the rate of value added, π , is given by: π = q2 b2 + q3 b3 . 43) where p refers to the price of rice, and the second equation follows from the fact that p = 1 due to rice serving as the unit of value. 41), which refers to the allocation of output among different cost items. By use of these identities, an IO table of the economy can be compiled. 3 gives the result with the sector of origin (seller) listed on the left, and the same sector listed across the top as destinations (purchasers).

114) unless p1 (t1 )/p2 (t1 ) = p1 (t2 )/p2 (t2 ). If p1 (t1 )/p2 (t1 ) > p1 (t2 )/p2 (t2 ), for instance, the use of value based input coefficients would overestimate the effect of f2 on x1 , and underestimate the effect of f2 on x1 . 2 The Two-Sector Model 43 The above problem arises because of the use of different price levels in the calculation of monetary values. This problem can easily solved by bringing the prices to the same level, that is, by the use of price indices. Multiplying p1 (t2 ) f1 by p1 (t1 )/p1 (t2 ) and p2 (t2 ) f2 by p2 (t1 )/p2 (t2 ), the value of final demand evaluated at the price at t2 is transformed into the value evaluated at t1 .

1 The Monetary Table In the case of a single product, the adding up of the cost elements is straightforward because the product can serve as the unit of value, and accordingly all the economic transactions can be measured by the amount of that product. In the case of two (or more) products, however, this is no longer the case because of the presence of alternative units of value. 87) each of the cost items is multiplied by the corresponding price. In a monetary IO table, the sum of column elements (total cost) must equal the sum of row elements (total expenditure) by the identity of national accounts.

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